CONTENTSDecember 2021 • Volume 93 • Issue 12


24RETURNOFTHEBEAVERS A consultation is underway to officially return beavers at the national level across Britain. Conservationists hope that the species will revive nature’s intrinsic messiness for the benefit of all.


HALAL TOURISM With the market for Muslim travellers growing at pace, holiday-makers and tourists alike are broadening their horizons, opening up new opportunities


MERCI DIX In Morocco, people don’t Uber. Instead, they pile into so-called grand taxis – battered but colourful old diesel Mercedes.


CLEANING THE GODDESS The Ganges is one of the most polluted rivers on Earth, but some are working to see it cleaned up


SPOTLIGHT ON: TRENTINO Exploring northern Italy’s iconic forests and the people brining them back to life.

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DEPARTMENTS WORLDWATCH 6 Biocultural diversity 8 Gene-edited crops; Climatewatch 10 Shape-shifting animals 12 Hotspot: Sudan 14 Research round-up

REGULARS 48 Geo-graphic: Mountains 58 Reviews 63 Gallery: Flower Fields 70 Geo-photographer: Hoda Ashfar 72 Where in the World? 73 Crossword 74 In Society 75 RGS–IBG events 76 Discovering Britain 78 RGS-IBG archive 82 Next month: Cures from the Irish boglands

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