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Editor Nancy Sladek Deputy Editor Tom Fleming Editor-at-Large Jeremy Lewis Senior Editor Jonathan Beckman Editorial Assistants Frank Brinkley • Tom Williams Contributing Editors Michael Burleigh Sara Wheeler • Philip Womack Advertising Manager Terry Finnegan Classified Advertising David Sturge Founding Editor Dr Anne Smith Founding Father Auberon Waugh Cover Illustration Chris Riddell

The Literary Review, incorporating Quarto, is published monthly from: 44 Lexington Street, London W1F 0LW • Tel: 020 7437 9392 Fax: 020 7734 1844 • ISSN 0144 4360 © All subscription enquiries and changes of address to: Literary Review Subscriptions, FREEPOST RSJB-SUGY-ZKRA, Impakt MMD Ltd, 3-4 Pylon Way, Croydon CR0 4XX • Tel: 020 8683 7151 All advertising enquiries to: Terry Finnegan, Literary Review, 44 Lexington Street, London W1F 0LW • Tel: 020 7437 9392 Printed in the United Kingdom by: Henry Ling Ltd, at the Dorset Press, Dorchester DT1 1HD • Tel: 01305 251 066 Distributed to newsagents worldwide by: COMAG Specialist, Tavistock Works, Tavistock Rd, West Drayton, Middlesex, UB7 7QX • Tel: 01895 433 800 Distributed to bookshops by: Central Books, 99 Wallis Road, London E9 5LN • Tel: 020 8986 4854 Subscriptions: theliteraryreview@warnes.co.uk Editorial: editorial@literaryreview.co.uk www.literaryreview.co.uk • @lit_review Designed by Cog Design Literary Review is set in Adobe Caslon and Janet. The latter is a digitisation of an engraved typeface designed by the artist and typographer Reynolds Stone, and named after his wife.


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f r om the p u l p i t 1 Jeremy Lewis h i st or y 5 Anne Somerset

The Queen’s Agent: Francis Walsingham at the Court of Elizabeth I John Cooper 6 Peter Marshall

Winter King: The Dawn of Tudor England Thomas Penn 8 Sudhir Hazareesingh

Democratic Enlightenment: Philosophy, Revolution, and Human Rights 1750–1790 Jonathan I Israel 10 Richard Overy

Tankograd – The Formation of a Soviet Company Town: Cheliabinsk, 1900s–1950s Lennart Samuelson 12 David Gilmour

The Amritsar Massacre: The Untold Story of One Fateful Day Nick Lloyd l i t e r a r y l i v e s 13 John Sutherland

Charles Dickens: A Life Claire Tomalin • Becoming Dickens: The Invention of a Novelist Robert Douglas-Fairhurst 15 Sam Leith

The Inner Man: The Life of J G Ballard John Baxter 16 John Stubbs

Ben Jonson: A Life Ian Donaldson 18 Claire Harman

Arthur Ransome’s Long-lost Study of Robert Louis Stevenson (Ed) Kirsty Nichol Findlay 19 Jeffrey Meyers

Yossarian Slept Here: When Joseph Heller was Dad and Life was a Catch-22 Erica Heller • Just One Catch: The Passionate Life of Joseph Heller Tracy Daugherty man & mar i on e t t e 21 John Gray

Humanity 2.0: What it Means to be Human Past, Present and Future Steve Fuller 22 Steven Connor

Puppet: An Essay on Uncanny Life Kenneth Gross b i o g r a p hy 23 David Cesarani

Hitler’s Hangman: The Life and Death of Reinhard Heydrich Robert Gerwarth