october 2020 • issue 490

Editor Nancy Sladek Deputy Editor Tom Fleming Assistant Editors Frank Brinkley • David Gelber Contributing Editors Jonathan Beckman Michael Burleigh • Sara Wheeler • Philip Womack Editorial & Marketing Assistant Michael Delgado Marketing Manager Constance Watson Advertising Manager Terry Finnegan Classified Advertising David Sturge Founding Editor Dr Anne Smith Cover Illustration Chris Riddell

The Literary Review, incorporating Quarto, is published monthly from: 44 Lexington Street, London W1F 0LW • ISSN 0144 4360 Tel: 020 7437 9392 • All subscription enquiries and changes of address to: Literary Review Subscriptions, The Maltings, West Street, Bourne, Lincolnshire PE10 9PH • Tel: +44 (0) 1778 395 165 All advertising enquiries to: Terry Finnegan, Literary Review, 44 Lexington Street, London W1F 0LW • Tel: 020 7437 9392 • Print by: CPUK Print Publishing Ltd, Distributed to newsagents worldwide by: Seymour Distribution Ltd • Tel: 020 7429 4000 Distributed to bookshops by: Central Books, 99 Wallis Road, London E9 5LN • Tel: 020 8986 4854 Designed by Cog Design Literary Review is set in Adobe Caslon and Janet. The latter is a digitisation of an engraved typeface designed by the artist and typographer Reynolds Stone, and named after his wife.

Literary Review | october 2020 2

diary 1 Kevin Jackson

art & architecture 6 Robin Simon

Goya: A Portrait of the Artist Janis A Tomlinson 7 Michael Prodger

Spirit of Place: Artists, Writers & the British Landscape Susan Owens 8 Benjamin Riley

The English Folly: The Edifice Complex Gwyn Headley & Wim Meulenkamp 10 Jonathan Meades

Fake Heritage: Why We Rebuild Monuments John Darlington

statecraft 12 Michael Burleigh

Xi Jinping: The Backlash Richard McGregor • China’s Good War: How World War II Is Shaping a New Nationalism Rana Mitter 14 Barnaby Crowcroft

The Origins of the Arab–Iranian Conflict: Nationalism & Sovereignty in the Gulf between the World Wars Chelsi Mueller • Black Wave: Saudi Arabia, Iran & the Rivalry That Unravelled the Middle East Kim Ghattas 15 Piers Brendon

The Churchill Complex: The Rise & Fall of the Special Relationship Ian Buruma • Collateral Damage: Britain, America & Europe in the Age of Trump Kim Darroch

theatre 17 Jeremy Treglown

Tom Stoppard: A Life Hermione Lee 19 Christopher Hart

The Oxford Book of Theatrical Anecdotes Gyles Brandreth

biography & memoir 20 Patricia Fara

Dutch Light: Christiaan Huygens & the Making of Science in Europe Hugh Aldersey-Williams 21 Freya Johnston

The Good Sharps: The Brothers & Sisters Who Remade Their World Hester Grant 23 Adrian Weale

War and Peacekeeping: Personal Reflections on Conflict & Lasting Peace Martin Bell