april 2020 • issue 485

Editor Nancy Sladek Deputy Editor Tom Fleming Assistant Editors Frank Brinkley • David Gelber Contributing Editors Jonathan Beckman Michael Burleigh • Sara Wheeler • Philip Womack Editorial & Marketing Assistant Michael Delgado Marketing Manager Constance Watson Advertising Manager Terry Finnegan Classified Advertising David Sturge Founding Editor Dr Anne Smith Cover Illustration Chris Riddell

The Literary Review, incorporating Quarto, is published monthly from: 44 Lexington Street, London W1F 0LW • ISSN 0144 4360 Tel: 020 7437 9392 • All subscription enquiries and changes of address to: Literary Review Subscriptions, The Maltings, West Street, Bourne, Lincolnshire PE10 9PH • Tel: +44 (0) 1778 395 165 All advertising enquiries to: Terry Finnegan, Literary Review, 44 Lexington Street, London W1F 0LW • Tel: 020 7437 9392 • Print by: CPUK Print Publishing Ltd, Distributed to newsagents worldwide by: Seymour Distribution Ltd • Tel: 020 7429 4000 Distributed to bookshops by: Central Books, 99 Wallis Road, London E9 5LN • Tel: 020 8986 4854 Designed by Cog Design Literary Review is set in Adobe Caslon and Janet. The latter is a digitisation of an engraved typeface designed by the artist and typographer Reynolds Stone, and named after his wife.

Literary Review | april 2020 2

diary 1 Norma Clarke

biography 6 William Doyle

Black Spartacus: The Epic Life of Toussaint Louverture Sudhir Hazareesingh 8 Jo hn Guy

Machiavelli: His Life & Times Alexander Lee 10 S eamus Perry

Radical Wordsworth: The Poet Who Changed the World Jonathan Bate 11 F reya Johnston

The Fall of the House of Byron: Scandal & Seduction in Georgian England Emily Brand 12 Dominic Gr een

One Two Three Four: The Beatles in Time Craig Brown

tomorrow’s world 14 Mark Malloch-Brown

Climate Change and the Nation State: The Realist Case Anatol Lieven 15 Jamie Bar tlett

Apocalypse How? Technology & the Threat of Disaster Oliver Letwin

new york journal 16 Adam Douglas

bricks & mortar 18 Kevin Jackson

Lives of Houses Kate Kennedy & Hermione Lee (edd) 20 Adr ian Tinniswood

The Address Book: What Street Addresses Reveal About Identity, Race, Wealth, & Power Deirdre Mask 21 Andr ew Hussey

Notre-Dame: The Soul of France Agnès Poirier

history 22 Linda Porter

Mary and Philip: The Marriage of Tudor England and Habsburg Spain Alexander Samson 23 Dmit ri Levitin

The Decline of Magic: Britain in the Enlightenment Michael Hunter