CONTENTS Features

ISSUE 4

Volunteers wear masks to serve food and drink to the children of families stricken by the Spanish flu outbreak of 1918–20. On page 66, we explore the impact of the devastating global pandemic

I M A G E S

G E T T Y

24 The thorns in Mussolini’s side BY CAROLINE MOOREHEAD The resistance activists who confronted Fascist violence in interwar Italy 36 THE BIG QUESTION

Is Africa a prisoner of its past? A panel of experts debates the legacy of slavery and colonisation in Africa 58 The art of navigation BY JERRY BROTTON Trace the history of exploration across a millennium through 10 key objects, maps and artworks

66 Spanish flu: the virus that changed the world BY LAURA SPINNEY In the wake of the First World War, a lethal disease swept the globe, defying doctors and decimating whole generations – reshaping societies as it did so 76 The cities that history forgot BY JAGO COOPER Explore seven ‘lost’ cities – once-great metropolises around the world that now offer tantalising glimpses of former glories

Æ

5