THE TABLET y l W e ek ly N e w s p a p e r a n d R e v i e w DUM V O B I S GRATULAMUR A N IM O S E T IA M ADDIM U S UT IN IN CCEPTIS V E S T R I S CON STAN TER M A N E A T IS

From the Brief o f His Holiness Pius IX to The Tablet, June 4,1870.

V ol. 155. No. 4,694.

L ondon, A pril 26, 1930.

Sixpence.

R I O ! STSSED AT THE GENERAL P O S T O F F IC E AS A NEWSPAFXB

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News and No t e s ................. 541 “ Mr. Chairman ” ................. 545 St. Augustine of Hippo . . . 547 St. Bernard, Doctor . . . 547 Blessed John Southworth 549 Review s :

St. George in Abyssinia 550 Sans Reproche ................. 550 Wilkes and Liberty . . . 551 The Raccolta in English 552 The Symposiasts ................. 552 Books Received ................. 553 New Books and Music . . . 554

CONTENTS

Letters to the Ed it o r :

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In Honour of the Martyrs 554 The League of Nations

Union ............................ 554 Correspondence :

Rome (Our Own Corre­

spondent’s Weekly Letter from) ............................ 557 From The Tablet of Eighty

Years A g o ............................ 558 Sermons for the Times . . . 559 ET CETERA............................ 560

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Catholic Education Notes . . . 561 Obituary ......................... 562 The Lingard Society 563 Coming Events . .. 563 W i l l .......................... 563 Orbis Terrarum:

England, Scotland and Wales .............. 564 Ireland .............. 564 Algeria .............. 564 Argentina .............. 565 Belgium .............. 565

Orbis Terrarum:

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Bolivia ............................ 565 Czecho-Slovakia ................. 566 France ............................566 Germany ............................ 566 India 566 I t a l y ....................................... 567 New Zealand ................. 567 Roumania ............................ 567 Spain 567 The United States . . . 568 Yugo-Slavia ................. 568 Forty Hours’ Exposition . . . 568 Social and P ersonal . . . 568

NOTANDA Catholic Schools. H ow Low Week confronts the Catholic Hierarchy with grave decisions. The Archbishops o f Birmingham and Liverpool on Education (p. 542).

The Triumph o f Death. An Easter sermon by His Eminence Cardinal Bourne (p. 559).

Much more about Birth Prevention. The League o f Nations Union’s prompt action at Wimbledon (pp. 545, 554). Encouragement fo r the Preventioners from a financial Editor in London and a Methodist Conference in New Y ork (p. 542).

Apropos o f an approaching centenary. The life and work o f St. Bernard o f Clairvaux, D octor o f the Church, summarized and estimated in an article from a Cistercian pen (p. 547).

The Tablet’s amicable controversy with the Unitarian Inquirer carried a stage further (p. 544).

Father Ronald Knox on certain shallow symposia (p. 552).

Saint George. A reproduction o f the engraving by Lucas van Leyden (p. 555).

Second Childhood? A “ Young Italian’s ” antiquated and anonymous article (p. 543).

NEWS AND NOTES A S a reminder o f St. George’s Day (which is to be liturgically observed next Monday), The Tablet publishes this week a reproduction o f Lucas van Leyden’s engraving o f the Saint. We grant that this very great engraver’s representation o f St. George is less exciting than certain better-known pieces which have “ more dragon in them ” ; but the engraving may serve to keep next Monday’s privilege in the forefront o f our minds. In past years, “ News and Notes ” have dwelt on the strange fact that there are many Catholic churches in England where the Irish parishioners make a

N ew Series. Vol. CXXIII. No. 4,093.

better showing at Mass than the English on St. George’s Day. We hope that the Irish will come out more numerously than ever next Monday and that their English brethren will outnumber them.

After eighty days of talk about the Naval Conference, which often seemed doomed to end in talk and nothing more, we are now able to speak rather o f the London Naval Treaty. This document was signed last Tuesday “ on behalf of 650,000,000 souls.” A week ago the Osservatore Romano gracefully said that, although France and Italy are leaving the Conference Chamber with empty hands, those hands have at least been clasped in friendship and in the hope of a more fruitful meeting another day. Happily, more has been achieved than the Osservatore hoped. Although a very important part o f the Treaty is only a Three-Power Pact (Great Britain, Japan, U.S.A.), other parts, including some humane restrictions on submarines, are a Five-Power Agreement, with France and Italy as the extra signatories. It is not indelicate boasting to say that Britannia has behaved as a very gracious lady in this business. When allowance is made for a possible exercise of the U.S.A. option to build light instead o f heavy cruisers, it turns out that the British Commonwealth of Nations, scattered among all the oceans, agrees to possess naval forces not one ton stronger than the fleets of the compact U.S.A. In short, we have backed up our fine words about World-Peace by taking heavier risks than any other Power.

Good to read are the speeches made a't the Signing of the Treaty by our brethren from Australia, Canada, India, the Irish Free State, New Zealand, and South Africa. And in pondering Sir Atul Chatterjee’s proudly simple words about the part played by India— “ my country,” Sir Atul called it — in the immense and noble transaction of the Naval Treaty, we cannot help contrasting the plain facts o f Britanni co-Indian relations with the mean and silly travesty thereof which Mr. Gandhi is offering to the world.