THE TABLET FULL TEXT OF THE POPE’S ENCYCLICAL TO THE CATHOLICS OF GERMANY C 3SSS)

THE TABLET A WEEKLY NEWSPAPER AND REVIEW

VOL. 169 No. 5056

ESTABLISHED !840 REGISTERED AS A NEWSPAPER

LONDON APRIL 3rd, 1937

SIXPENCE

PRINCIPAL

THE WORLD WEEK BY WEEK . . . 465

THE INK WAR ; SOME FIGURES ; WAS THE SPANISH LEFT CONSTITUTIONAL? ; THE DEFENCE OF CHRISTIANITY ; “THESE STURDY CATHOLICS” ; A SECOND ATTEMPT ; THE NEW LATII UDINARIANISM ; THE INDIAN DEADLOCK; OUR HERITAGE OF TROUBLE; THE POLISH “PATRIOTIC FRONT” ; CENTRAL EUROPE; UNITED FRONTS AFTER THE ENCYCLICALS 468 THE KING’S C R O W N IN G .............................. 469

Bv H. M. GILLETT PITHECANTHROPUS..........................................471

The Evolutionary Hypothesis By W. R. THOMPSON, F.R.S. PARIS LETTER

472

CONTENTS

ROME LETTER

474

THE CHURCH ABROAD .............................. 476 MRS. FITZHERBERT AND GEORGE IV .. 479 BOOKS OF THE WEEK .............................. 480

FEAR CAME ON EUROPE ; CAPORETTO ; FROM ANNE TO VICTORIA; THE MYSTICAL CHRIST; CANDLE FOR THE PROUD ; THE RIGHT TO HERESY TOWN AND COUNTRY .............................. 486 LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 488 THE PEOPLE’S MASS FOR PEACE 489 THE ALBERT HALL RALLY.............................. 490 CATHOLIC PSYCHOLOGICAL SOCIETY 490 O B I T U A R I E S ..................................................... 491

THE WORLD WEEK BY WEEK The Ink War

Like those various forms of submarine life, which in moments of anxiety cloud and colour the water around them, the progressive Press in this country has been celebrating Holy Week and Easter Week with orgies of auto-intoxication. The cumulative effect of successive headlines and news-bills about Mussolini hurrying from Libya, about Italian reverses in Spain, about firm joint declarations by France and Britain, creates in those newspaper circles a picture, fortunately, fantastic in its over-wrought colours. The News Chronicle, after reading itself, has even begun to write leading articles envisaging a complete victory for the heterogeneous elements that are summed up under the names of Valencia or Madrid.

The Foreign Office, in its recent statement, has given no sort of countenance to these excited attempts to range Britain and Italy against each other on Spanish intervention, and it has kept in the foreground the essential distinction between the agreement not to permit further volunteering, and the quite different and more remote question of withdrawing those who are already there. Both Russia and Italy have made it plain that the measure they will continue to send depends on the action of the other party. The great difference is that the Italian help has to go by sea, whereas the Franco-Russian help goes with easier concealment across a land frontier. It is no longer open to argument that that help for Madrid has been on an enormous scale. What the French parties of the Left have been able to do under the veil of official non-intervention was the subject of much boasting at the Easter of the l.L.P. A News Chronicle special correspondent, Mr. Geoffrey Cox, has just published a book on the defence of Madrid, in which the debt to Russia is not concealed. The Manchester Guardian has been printing letters from members of the International Brigade, which the Communists have organized, and the accounts of the successes on the Guadalajara front recognise that powerful aeroplanes flying low have been the chief cause of success against the mechanised units, which suffer the fatal disadvantage in mountainous country of having to keep to roads that make obvious targets. Same Figures

What the Soviet has been and is doing for Spain can be measured in part by the official figures from Moscow of the trade in January. Spain is sending nothing to Russia, 2000 tons of lead, 150 tons of oranges and bananas, but the Soviet sent more exports to Spain than to any other country, except Great Britain and the U.S.A. A year ago the Soviet exports were 68,000 roubles (25 roubles to the pound) ; this January 68,000 roubles had risen to 9,000,000 roubles. This unwavering, but unavowed Soviet assistance, powerfully facilitated in France, is the root truth to be remembered. The concentration of the limelight upon the much smaller Italian effort on the other side is a mere camouflage, a kind of distraction with which conjurers at parties deceive small children. It is the more discreditable when the cause it is, in our absence, supporting in Spain, is in fact a cause of vital concern for ourselves. Was the Spanish Left Constitutional ?

The Church Times quotes T he T ablet as telling our readers that in Spain the Right rose to forestall a rising of the Left. The Church Times prefers to think that, in its own words, “ Spain might have evolved a tolerant and progressive Government’’ but for Franco. That is a judgment sublimely opposed to the whole political history not merely of last year, but of all the years since the Monarchy was overthrown in 1931. Our view of the intentions of the parties of the Extreme Left is not a view that has been improvised since last July. Last May, for instance, we printed a clear statement of the intention of the Socialist and Anarchist parties to use the existing Left majority in the Cortes to prepare the ground for a violently achieved dictatorship of the proletariat. They did not trouble to disguise this aim until it was explained to them, after the war had broken out, that it would be well worth their while to pose occasionally, for the benefit principally of the British and American publics, as much wronged parliamentary Democrats suddenly confronted with an armed violence