August 31, 1935

THE TABLET y i Weekly N ew sp aper a n d R eview

DUM YOBIS GRATULAMUR ANIMOS ETIAM ADDIM U 8 IJT IN INCCEPTIS VESTRIS CONSTANTER MANEATI8

From, the Brief of His Holiness Pius IX to The Tablet, June 4,1870.

Vol. i66. No. 4973. London, August 31, 1935.

Sixpence.

R egistered at the General P ost Of f ic e as a Newspaper.

Page

News and No t e s ................. 257 Washington’s Warning . .. 261 Belfast? ........................... 261 Why Not Tanaland? . . . 262 Cleaner Novels ................ 263 Sweets 263 The Holy Scottish Isle . . . 264 The Gods of the Ibibios ... 264 The Archbishop of West­

minster on Peace and War 265 R ev iew s :

St. Ignatius of Antioch 266 Nine Dictators ................ 266 Much More Martindale ... 266 The Analogy of Being . . . 267

CONTENTS

R ev iew s (Oontd.) :

Page

Karl Barth and Another 267 New Books and Music . . . 268 Books Received ................ 268 Downside Abbey Church . . . 269 Obituary .............................269 Letters to the E d itor :

St. Joseph Calasanctius... 270 Starving Birds .................270 Abyssinia and Italy . . . 270 The Board of Education’s

Report ........................... 270 Correspondence :

Rome (Our Own Corre­

spondent’s Weekly Letter from) ........................... 273

The Sovereign Pontiff on

Italy and Abyssinia . .. 274 From The Tablet of Long

Page

A g o ...................................... 274 E T C i E T E R A - .........................................2 7 5 The Diocese of Galloway 276 The Church in Denmark ... 276 Coming E vents ................. 276 W i l l ........................................ 276 Orbis Terrarum:

England ........................... 276 Ireland ........................... 277 Belgium ........................... 278 Chile 278 China ........................... 278 Czechoslovakia .............. 278 1

Orbis Terrarum {Oontd.) : Pago

France ........................... 278 Germany ........................... 278 India ........................... 280 I t a l y ...................................... 280 Liberia ........................... 280 Madagascar .................281 Nippon ........................... 281 Poland ........................... 281 Spain ........................... 282 Syria 282 U.S.A...................................... 282 Yugoslavia........................... 284 Back to the L a n d .................284 The Late Queen Astrid . .. 284 Social and P ersonal . . . 284 Ch e s s ...................................... 284

NOTANDA The Sovereign Pontiff on Peace and W ar (p. 274). A Tablet leader-writer suggests the cession of Tanaland to Italy (p. 262).

Belgium again in dolour. Queen Astrid’s death in a lakeside tragedy (p. 284).

A new appointment to the Scottish episcopate (p. 276). _

Downside. The approaching consecration of the abbey church. Some illustrious names in an expected company, and a portrait of Cardinal Serédi (p. 269).

Washington’s warning to Moscow. More broken promises (p. 261).

Belfast’s recent troubles. A “ friendly shake ” for Mr. Baldwin (p. 261).

A year’s work by the Board of Education. Facts and figures from the annual Report (p. 270).

Good fare from the Pylon. A missionary sister’s study of the religion of the Ibibios (p. 264).

Barra. A summer visitor describes the charm and peace of a Catholic isle (p. 264).

NEWS AND NOTES

UR translation (received by telephone and printed on a further page) of the Sovereign Pontiff’s allusion to the threatened war in Africa may be accepted as substantially faithful, though not as word-perfect. His Holiness, as The Tablet predicted, does not presume to deliver judgment on issues of fact which have not been regularly laid before him ; but he supplements his earlier enunciations of Christian principles by declaring th a t a country with frontiers to guard must not turn lawful Defence into greedy and guilty Aggression. As for Expansion, he grants generally th a t the need for a surplus population’s means of subsistence may be a ground of Just War ; but he does not pronounce

N ew S e r ie s . Vol. CXXXIV. No. 4372.

on the particular case of Italy, in which no evidence has been laid before him. In short, His Holiness prayerfully awaits an unbloody settlement, at or soon after the League Council’s meeting.

Let threescore parliamentary candidates, belonging to a P a r ty which is only sixty strong, canvass the electors in their respective constituencies promising five shillings to every man or woman who will vote for them at the polls and those candidates may be sure of getting into serious trouble. But if the same candidates offer money to the same electors in public speeches rather than in private canvassing, the offer being part of their collective political programme, the Law will not hold them guilty of bribery and corruption. In the Canadian Province of Alberta there has just been an Election in which the Social Credit Party have swept the board. The candidates of this Party raised a slogan which practically promised £5 a month of income or additional income to every voter. The money is to come from a creation of credit ; but we understand th a t Major Douglas, whose doctrine of Social Credit has often been mentioned in these Notes and in the Tablet reviews, initialled “ S. J . G.,” does not admit the identity of the Alberta scheme with his own. We are not entitled to say th a t the Alberta farmers, who have been short of cash for some time, gave their votes to the new P a r ty in deliberate exchange for the prospect of receiving £60 per annum each ; but neither do we find it easy to believe th a t they are all disinterested and deeply-read political economists who have become convinced after hard study th a t Social Credit is the best policy for Alberta. The result of the election reveals a danger. Here a t home, certain demagogues have been giving broad hints th a t if they attain to power a t the next General Election in Great Britain, they will overturn the existing system of banking and will take direct control of credit. If, at the last moment, they should decide to mention a definite sum per caput for each elector, we fear that, they would thus practically buy very many votes with money, or the promise of money,