December 29, 1934

THE TABLET N. Weekfy Newspaper a n d Review

DUM VOBIS GRATULAMUR ANIMOS ETIAM ADDIMUS UT IN INCCEPTIS V E S TR IS CONSTANTER MANEATIS

From the Brief of His Holiness Pius IX to The Tablet, June 4,1870.

V o l . 164. No. 4938. L o n d o n , D e c e m b e r 29, 1934.

S i x p e n c e .

R eg is tered at the General P ost Off ic e as a New s p a p e r .

Page

News and Notes ...................8 33 “ Fisher and M ore” . . . 837 Red Hands and White . . . 838 Christmas in the Penal

Camp of Solovki, 1925 . . . 839 The ’ T h ir ty -F iv e s ................. 839 R e v ie w s :—

Two Foes of Purse-Power 841 Ad Romanos ................. 842 Peace Tactics ................. 842 The Greek Classics . . . 843 Bourgeois ............................ 843 Logic To-day ................. 843 New Books and Music . . . 844 Books Received ................. 844

CONTENTS

A dvent P astorals :

Page

Lancaster ............................ 845 S ou thw a rk ............................846 Nottingham............................846 Diocesan Developments in

Salford ............................ 847 Correspondence :

Rome (Our Own Corre­

spondent’s Weekly Letter from) ............................849 Serious Illness of the

Bishop of L e e d s ................. 850 Coming E ve n t s ...................8 50 E T C iE T E R A .........................................8 5 1

Page

OnITUARY ...............................8 52 BB. John Fisher and

Thomas More ................. 853 How the Peace Ballot is Worked ............................ 854 Some Hardman Work at Mansfield ............................ 854 New Catholic Elementary

Schools ............................ 855 Next Week’ s“ Tablet” . . . 856 Or b i s T errarum :

England ............................ 857 Scotland ............................ 857 Ireland ............................ 857

Or b is T errarum ( Gontd.) :

Page

A r g e n t i n a .................... 857 Belgian Congo ................. 857 Canada ............................ 857 China ............................ 858 Czechoslovakia ................. 858 France ............................ 858 Italy 858 The Solomon Islands ... 858 Southern Rhodesia . . . 858 Spain ............................ 859 U.S.A............................... 860 Y u g o s la v ia .................... 860 So c ia l and P ersonal . . . 860 Ch e s s ..................................8 60

NOTANDA

“ Scatter the peoples who want W a r .” The Sovereign Pontiff’s imprecation upon those who negate the W ill-to-P eace (p. 833).

Blessed John Fisher and Thomas More. Cardinal Pacelli’ s letter to Cardinal Bourne (p. 853). A Tablet leader-writer hints at a new start o f devotion to the English Martyrs (p. 837).

A t long last. British Labour and the Reign o f Terror in Red Russia (p. 838).

The Birthplace o f our Divine Redeemer. A strange blunder in World-Radio (p. 835).

It happened in ’ Thirty-five. A n industrious compiler combs Christian history fo r interesting anniversaries (p. 839).

Y ou r Money fo r Russia! A Birmingham magnate’s proposal fo r a “ substantial loan ” (p. 834).

Sir John Gilbert, educationist and organizer. A glance at the busy and fruitful career o f a great Catholic lay-worker (p. 852).

NEWS AND NOTES r I 'H E R E is an old saying : “ I f Wishes'Avere

-*■ Horses, Beggars would R ide.” Yet f i s h e s are not necessarily idle. When not only individual men and women but also peoples and, nations honestly and frequently wish one another^a New Year replete with Peace and Prosperity, there is a psychic force in that collective wish which helps to turn mankind into homines bonce voluntatis ; and all know that “ Peace on earth ” is “ for men of goodwill ” rather than for men pricking with jealousies and spoiling for fights. Our Holy Father Pope Pius X I , whom God preserve, spoke strongly in this sense last Monday, when acknowledging the Christmas greetings of the Sacred College. Almighty God’s governance o f this planet is one in which almightiness often restricts itself within

N ew S e r ie s . Vol. CXXXII. No. 4337.

the contours and limits of human co-operation. This fact is obscured b y the familiar Protestant translation “ Peace on earth, goodwill to men.” Men of ill-will can do so much to frustrate Peace on earth that our Holy Father, on Christmas Eve, did not hesitate to imprecate them in the Psalmist’s words Dissipa gentes quae bella volunt. Thus did the Pontiff indicate a working Peace-policy on which we shall have more to say.

At the end of a mostly useful broadcast called “ The Grid,” listeners to the London Regional station of the B.B.C., after hearing an explanation of the great national network of electrical power, were handed over on Thursday of last week to Mr. Cecil Lewis, “ producer ” of the broadcast and to tag declaimer of some boastful prose on Man as Lilt'd of Nature. But, even while the boasting was pulsing on the air, man’s defectibility was being grimly proved in the desert between Cairo and Baghdad. There lay the dead bodies o f seven men amidst the charred remains of what had been, only a, few hours before, the most famous aeroplane in the world. This American-built, Dutch-owned " Flying Hotel ” was the very machine which had astonished the world b y running second in the Mildenhall-Melbourne air-race. Although the name “ ‘hotel ” was a playful exaggeration, the ’plane was roomy enough to accommodate its passengers with armchairs, a shower-bath and a buffet. It had sgjt out from Amsterdam with an ambitious timeschedule. Within a single week the “ Flying Hotel” Wps to dash from Holland to the Dutch colony of JBfrtavier and, after unloading 51,000 letters and picking up a heavy return mail, was t6 be home again in the Netherlanders’ homeland by Christmas Day. To accomplish this would have meant 15,000 miles of day-and-night flying. But in the Sinister and dreary Syrian Desert, which is not a flat stretch o f arid sand, but a wilderness cut by deep gullies and sometimes flooded b y torrential rains, the forces of Nature contemptuously made of man’s most sophisticated work an easy prey. Holland’s Christmastide has been turned into