Apri] 28, 1031

THE TABLET y î Weekly N ew s p a p e r a n d R e v ie w

DUM VOBIS GRATULAMUR ANIMOS ETIAM ADDIMUS UT IN IN CΠP T IS V E STR IS CONSTANTER MANEATIS

From the Brief of His Holiness Pius IX to The Tablet, June 4,1870.

V o l . 163. No. 4903.

L o n d o n , A p r i l 2 8 , 1 9 3 4 .

S i x p e n c e .

R eg is t e r e d at th e General P ost Of f i c i as a Nkw spa peb .

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News and No t e s .............. 521 “ The Power of the Churches” ......................... 525 Bills .................................... 525 “ P ity a Poor President ” 526 St. George’s Day in Liver­ pool ....................................... 527 From The Tablet of Ninety Years Ago ......................... 529 R ev iew s : More More-Books.............. 530 Cardinal Manning on Labour ......................... 531 The Post-Bellum Reich 531

CONT

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R ev iew s (Contd.). A Mediarval Gallery . . . 532 New Books and Music . . . 532 Books Received ................. 533 Catholic Education Notes . . . 534 Coming E vents .................. 534 CORRESPONDENCE *. . . . Rome (Our Own Corre­ spondent’s Weekly Letter from) ............................ 537 The Holy Year and After 538 The Jubilee Extraordinary 539 E t C.e t e r a ..............................540

ENTS

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The Martyrs’ Novena and the Martyrs’ Sunday . . . 541 Obituary ............................ 543 “ The Catholic Medical Guardian ” 544 Letters to the Editor :

Richard Master, Parson of Aldington ................. 544 Stonyliurst Church . . . 544 British Catholic _News­ papers and Periodicals before 1801 544

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Orbis Terrarum: England ........................ . 545 Ireland ........................ . 545 A r g e n t i n a ....................... . 546 Austria ........................ . 546 Canada ........................ 546 France ........................ 54Ö India ........................ . 546 Italy ........................ . 546 Spain ........................ . 547 Sw itzerland....................... 548 Uganda; ....................... 548 Social and P ersonal .. 548 Chess ..................................... 548

NOTANDA St. George’s Day. A memorable celebration on Merseyside. The Archbishop of Liverpool on both Saint and Dragon (p. 527).

Spain. Some Notes on the undemocratic Left and a very short article on President Zamora’s dilemma (pp. 522, 526). Last Sunday’s great Catholic demonstration at the Escorial (p. 547).

The English Martyrs. The great novena, in their honour, in fifteen countries and in both hemispheres. More about the famous Martyrs’ Picture in the Eternal City (p. 541). Plain words for the Saturday Review. An allegation that the Holy Father has “ sent his blessing to Ladv Houston for her patriotism ” (p. 523). The Silence of General Higgins. Further remarks on the vagueness of Pacifist “ leaders ” (p. 525).

Spending. The Royal Statistical Society’s centenary moves a Tablet leader-writer to make a suggestion (p. 525).

Moscow’s murders. A Muscophil newspaper’s tardy admission of shootings without trials (p. 523).

NEWS AND NOTES C I R OSWALD MOSLEY goes on. His Big Idea, ^ as Americans say, seems to be th a t our country ought to elect a New Broom Parliament which would promptly entrust all power to some kind of dictatorship. He is careful to say that Parliament would retain the right to dismiss the dictators if they made a mess of their work or behaved despotically. But it is a t this very point th a t the peril to Democracy lies. Experience shows th a t dictators, on the pretext th a t they must have plenty of time to realize their plans, usually disarm N ew S e r ie s . Vol. CXXXI. No. 4302.

Democracy. They dissolve existing Parliaments and hold General Elections a t which only their own nominees can be candidates. I t seems to us that, before trying Shirtism of any dye or hue, our country ought to rouse itself to insist upon the more effective working of our present institutions.

Lord Wolmer believes th a t the Conservative Party is “ heading straight for disaster ” and may come a terrible cropper in 1936. What electors have to understand is th a t the winners of the next General Election are not likely to be content with the old system of Ins and Outs. When they become Ins, they will try to transform themselves into Stay-Ins by some action of a Nazi or Fascist character, thus nullifying our Constitution. If the Constitution has become obsolete, the proper course is to overhaul it, with everybody helping ; not to let somebody win one more General Election on constitutional lines with the object of making the Constitution a dead letter.

Apart from the merits or demerits of British Black Shirtism, a Christian newspaper must allude to the choice of a Sunday for Sir Oswald Mosley’s mass-meeting. Hitherto in Great Britain there has been a political truce on Sundays. During the heat and bustle of elections, all parties have sus­ pended hostilities and operations from Saturday midnight until Monday morning. Does Sir Oswald intend to break this tradition ? We hope not.

When the “ Continental Sunday ” is denounced by Britons, they are usually thinking of the facilities in foreign countries for getting a drink and of the Sunday theatres. But these are not the only respects in which the Continental differs from the British Sunday. In many European countries the Lord’s Day is also Man’s Day in the sense th a t it is,the Day of Days for politics. General Elections are almost always held on Sundays. As for partisan oratory, it is as necessary to the foreigner’s Sunday fare as is his Sunday joint to the Englishman.