December 10, 1933.

THE TABLET

A W e e k l y N e w s p a p e r a n d R e v i e w

DUM VOBIS GRATULAMUR ANIMOS ETIAM ADDIMUS UT IN INCCEPTIS V E S TR IS CONSTANTER MANEATIS

From the Brief of His Holiness Pius IX to The Tablet, June 4,1870.

V o l . 1 6 2 . No. 4884. L o n d o n , D e c e m b e r 16, 1933.

S i x p e n c e .

R eg is tered at t i ie General R ost Of f ic e a s a New s pape r .

CONTENTS

New s and No t e s ................ Page Ì 801 “ Many Martyrs ” .............. 805 ¡ The Joy of A d v en t .............. 805 ¡ Cruelty to Anim a ls .............. 805 Cardinal Bourne .............. 807 From The Tablet of Ninety

Years A g o ......................... 807 R e v ie w s :

“ Q ” Once M o r e .............. 807 Sound Binding .............. Fearless Hero ” .............. 808 i 808 1 Two Books on Buddhism 809 !

R e v i e w s ( Contd.) :

Page

A Book to O w n .............. 809 The First Midnight Mass 810 Books Received .. 810 New Books and Music . .. 810 A dvent P a s t o r a l s :

Cardiff ...................... .. 812 Liverpool ...................... .. 812 Ilis Master’s Voices .. 814 Catholic Education Notes . .. 814 Coming E vents . . . .. 814 Ch e s s .................................... .. 815

Correspondence :

Rome (Our Own Corre­

Page spondent’s Weekly Letter from) ............................ 817 Voluntary Homes— A Notice to Managers ................. 819 The Misses Sato ................. 819 Letters to the E d i t o r :

Divided Allegiance . . . 820 The Church in Holland 820 Cardinal Newman and

Scripture ................. 820 A Church in Rome . . . 821 Performing Animals . . . 821

Et Cæ t e r a .............. Page .. 822 Marydown .............. .. 823 Ob it u ary ................ .. 824 Catholic Prison Work .. 825 ORBi s T errarum :

England .............. .. 826 Scotland .............. .. 826 Ireland ...................... .. 826 Austria ...................... .. 827 France ...................... .. 827 India ...................... .. 827 South Africa .. 828 Spain ...................... .. 828 So c ia l and P ersonal . .. 828

NOTANDA High days in Rome. The canonization o f St. Bernadette. H .H . Pope Pius X I on “ modest martyrdoms ” in ordinary life (pp. 805, 817).

The health o f Cardinal Bourne. Good news from Archbishop’s House, Westminster (p. 807).

Advent Pastorals. The Archbishop o f Cardiff on the fruits o f good example; and the Archbishop o f Liverpool’s call fo r co-operation in Catholic Action (p. 812).

Cruelty to Animals. A Tablet leader-writer on the late Father Rickaby’s long awaited Retractation (re-handling) o f a much-cliscussed passage (p. 805).

A new “ Battle o f the Herrings.” H ow Great Britain could consume its own catches o f a scorned and neglected fish (p. 803).

Very W ild Wales. An appeal fo r the one and only Catholic church in Radnorshire (p. 804).

Both cheap and dear. Mr. Siegfried Sassoon’s pacifist poetry-book (p. 808).

Spain. The part played by their Press in the recent success o f the Catholics (p. 802).

NEWS AND NOTES TT-AST Fulham’s by-election gave the Conserva-

tive whips a rough shock, and the big reductions o f the Conservative vote in subsequent contests have kept them from falling asleep again. So there is to be a nation-wide campaign o f propaganda and defence on behalf o f the National Government in the New Year. On the whole, His Majesty’s present Ministers can justly claim to have deserved their fellow-countrymen’s gratitude ; but they largely spoil their record by clinging doggedly to a Russia which has repeatedly mocked them and thrust them into humiliating positions. Knowing full well that there are great numbers o f persons

N ew Series. Vol. C X X X . No. 4283.

who do not agree with us, we are all the same convinced that the National Government would make far more friends than foes if Ministers, during their coming campaign, would say : “ W e want to stand on peaceful terms with Russia and to do business with her; but not unless and until she humanizes her administration, abandons persecution, and honours her promise to abstain from attempts to subvert the institutions o f this country'.” By acquiescing in enormous wrong, our Government abdicates the moral leadership which should be theirs.

Before returning to Europe after his clever handling o f President Roosevelt, Mr. Maxim Litvinoff, the Soviets’ Commissar fo r Foreign Affairs, delivered speeches glorifying the Muscovite régime. W e began reading these utterances without surprise, and even with boredom ; because we are thoroughly' accustomed by now to hear that Bolshevism is a triumphant success, and that Red Russia swarms with white doves o f peace cooing on olive-branches. But when we got to the end o f a discourse pronounced by the Commissar at a banquet arranged fo r him by the American-Russian Chamber o f Commerce, we gasped. “ Russia,” he cried, “ enjoy's the lowest foreign indebtedness in the world.” “ Enjoys ” is a good word. Even so does the fraudulent bankrupt enjoy the knowledge that he has got rid o f his debts by “ going through the Court,” and by leaving honest creditors unpaid for the goods they have sold to him and the services they have rendered.

A valuable paragraph concerning Russia has been printed in the U .S .A . weekly paper, America. It has been said again and again by excusers o f the Muscovites that “ the chief reason fo r their hating religion was the fact that the Russian Orthodox Church was linked inseparably with the Tsarist régime.” Such were the very words o f the late Professor Hodgkin, o f the Society o f Friends, and