THE TABLET A W eek ly N ew sp a p e r a n d R e v ie w

DUM VOBIS GRATULAMUR ANIMOS ETIAM ADDIMUS UT IN INCCEPTIS VESTRIS CONSTANTER MANEATIS

From the Brief of His Holiness Pius IX to The Tablet, June 4,1870.

V o l . 16 3 . No. 4874.

L o n d o n , O c t o b e r 7 , 1933.

S i x p e n c e .

R eg is tered at the General P ost Off ic e as a New s pape r .

Pago

New s and No t e s .................. 449 Out and I n ............................453 On the Present State of

Book R e v iew in g ................. 453 The Holy Father to the Workers ............................ 455 “ Recently Very B u sy ” . . . 450 R e v ie w s :

Northern Non-Catholicism 457 The Tombs of the Apostles 457 Short and Straight . . . 458 Spade Work in Old Testament Lands .................458 From Three Standpoints 460 Anselm the Great . . . 460 For Priests ................. 462

CONTENTS

R e v ie w s ( Contd.) ;

Acta S an cto rum .............. The United and the Papal

States Catherine de Bar . Heart Burial .............. Men and Women of the

Revolution .............. “ Too Clever by Nine*

tenths ” .............. Books Received New Books and Music Correspondence :

Pago

462 . 462 . 464

464 466 . 466 . 467 . 467

Rome (Our Own Corre­

spondent’s Weekly Letter from) ......................... 469 Westminster Cathedral . . . 470

Page

Catholic Duty .................471 Catholic Education Notes . . . 473 Coming E vents ................. 474 L etters to the E d it or :

Heart Burial ................. 474 The Unemployed in Rome 474 ! The Seriousness of Mr.

Gaselee ............................474 Capitalism To-day . . . 475 l From The Tablet of Ninety I Years A g o ............................ 475 ' Et Ce t e r a .............................. 476

Obitu ary .............................. 477 The C.O.M. Confederation 478 Changes at Downside . . . 479 Ch e s s .......................................... 479

Or b i s Terrarum :

Page

England ............................480 Scotland ............................480 Ireland ............................480 Austria ............................481 Belgian Congo ................. 481 China ............................481 France ............................482 Germany ............................ 482 India ............................482 Mauritius ............................482 Nigeria ..........................482 Spain ............................ 482 Ordination at Northampton 484 The Count Dalla Torre . . . 484 So c ia l and P ersonal . . . 484

N O T A N D A

Out o f work and into other usefulness. The Sovereign Pontiff’s address to the British and Irish Unemployed (p. 455).

Geneva. A n English translation o f the Bishop o f Lamus’ French sermon (p. 471).

A new kind o f Oecumenical Council. The Bishop o f Chichester again (p. 451).

A signal honour fo r a distinguished Catholic journalist (p. 484).

Westminster Cathedral. The new mosaics over the east tympanum; and the progress o f the work in the Lady Chapel (p. 470).

A restoration at Downside. Good news, in particular, fo r the older “ Old Gregorians ” (p. 479).

“ Stew Sunday ” in Germany. What Englishmen could do to help the poor (p. 452).

“ Lay ” education in Spain. Some facts and figures, from The Tablet’s Correspondent, in proof o f the failure o f the Government plan (p. 482).

New Catholic churches, convents, schools, halls. Heartening reports from many parts o f Great Britain and Ireland (p. 480).

An enlarged issue o f The Tablet makes room for many notices o f new books and fo r an article on Reviewers and Reviewing (pp. 453, 457-467).

NEWS AND NOTES 'C 'A IR -M IN DED men agreed long ago to regard political assassins (except where there is indisputable evidence to the contrary) as individual criminals or madmen whose acts must not be laid at the door o f any Party to which they profess allegiance. Rudolf Dertil, the youth who tried to kill Chancellor Dollfuss last Tuesday, seems to have acted on his own initiative, without instigators or accomplices. I f he had been the agent of a Nazi

N ew S er ie s . Vol. CXXX. No. 4273.

organization his employers would indeed have received poor value for their money ; because this attempt on the Chancellor’s life has made Dr. Dollfuss more popular than ever. Shaken only a little by the episode, Austria’s slightly wounded Chancellor (who had meanwhile received a fatherly visit from the Cardinal Archbishop of Vienna) was able to sit up in bed on the evening of the outrage and to broadcast a cheery message to his fellowcountrymen. He publicly thanked God for his escape and added : “ I shall be back at work the day after to-m orrow.” Millions o f non-Austrians are no less grateful than the Chancellor’s com patriots that a statesman so sterling and so devoted has not been taken from a Europe which needs him.

Spain has arrived at the pass to which she has been surely marching for thirty months. Her Republic’s President must now choose between the great Spanish people and some little cliques. Exactly three weeks ago, we said in this place that we had “ no bright hopes ” concerning the Lerroux Ministry which had just been formed. After little more than a fortnight in office, Señor Lerroux has been overthrown by a hostile vote in the Cortes. But here is the crucial point. While the present Cortes have no confidence in Señor Lerroux, Spain has no confidence in the present Cortes. This is why we say that President Zamora is brought face to face with a choice. His obvious duty is to dissolve Cortes which were thrown together during a Reign of Terror and to see to it that Spain has an honestly elected Parliament, truly representative of the nation. There is no other way to form an Administration which will enjoy moral authority.

Recent events ought to teach Spaniards a lesson. They interpreted the failures o f the Monarchy (which was not an Absolute Monarchy) as due to the monarchical system in general and to King Alfonso in particular. In other words, Spaniards blamed the Royal Government instead of blaming Spain’s