THE TABLET A W e ek ly N e w s p a p e r a n d R e v i e w DUM VOBIS GRATULAMUR ANIMOS ETIAM ADDIMUS UT IN INCCEPTIS VESTRIS CONSTANTER MANEATIS

From the Brief of His Holiness Pius IX to The Tablet, June 4,1870.

Vol. 159. No. 4,792. London, March 12, 1932.

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R egistered at the General P ost Office ae a Newspaper

Page

News and No t e s .............. 325 Briand and After Briand 329 Catholic Controversy in the

Courts ....................... .. 330 Coming Events .. 331 Reviews :

Safety First

Who’s Who?

Blackburnskire

.. 331

.. 332

.. 333

New Books and Music . .. 333 Notes for Musicians .. 334 From The Tablet of Ninety

Years Ago .............. 335

C O N T

ENTS

Lenten Pastorals :

Page

Salford . . . .............. 336 Shrewsbury 336 Southwark 338 “ Founder’s Day ” at Cris­

pin S t r e e t ............................ 338 Correspondence :

Rome (Our Own Corre­

spondent’s Weekly Letter from) ............................ 341 Obituary ............................343 Episcopal Engagements 343

Et Cæ t e r a ......................... 344 Catholic Education Notes . . . 345 English-Speaking Students in Paris

Page

345

W il l s

345

Ch e s s ........................... 346 L etters to the Editor :

Catholic Members of Education Committees 346 Miraculous Hosts 346 Orb is Terrarum :

England, Scotland and Wales .............. 347

Orb is Terrarum

Ireland

Canada

Page ( Oontd.) :

.............. 348

.............. 348

Czechoslovakia .............. 348 Denmark .............. 348 France .............. 349 Italy .............. 350 Japan .............. 350 Kenya .............. 350 Oceania .............. 350 Scandinavia .............. 352 South Africa .............. 352 Social and Peksonal . . . 352 “ Letters to the Editor ” 352

NOTANDA Aristide Briand. A Tablet leader-writer discusses the carrying-on o f M. Briand’s peace-work, especially in France (p. 329).

The autonomous State o f Manchuria. A warning against levity in a grave matter (pp. 327-8).

Mr. de Valera succeeds Mr. Cosgrave. The choice o f a Speaker f o r the new Dail (p. 328).

Mr. A l fr e d Smith once more. W hat Catholics in the U .S .A . think o f an insolent suggestion (pp. 326-7).

A glance at Catholic controversy in the British Courts. Achilli v. Newman, Ruthven v. De Bom, Vaughan v. The R ock , and other cases recalled (p. 330).

“ The worst year Journalism has ever known.” Facts to be pondered by young aspirants (p. 327).

A disaster in Dublin, and what must be done to repair it (p. 348).

A North American Editor in Russia. H is account o f a gargantuan feast where priests have no rationcards (p . 332).

T o Catholics on Education Committees : a request (p. 346).

NEWS AND NOTES TJASSION SUNDAY is upon us. In a non-Catholic *■ country such as ours, the day is not collectively observed outside the churches. But in the Rhineland men and women are resolved that this year’s Passion-tide shall be ushered in solemnly and publicly. An hour before midnight, the clergy o f Cologne and a great host o f the faithful will assemble outside the Cathedral and will make the W ay of the Cross processionally to a Calvary erected in one o f the suburbs. Returning to the Dom , they will hear Mass at tw o o ’clock in the morning and will receive Him who is both the Man o f Sorrows

New S e r i e s . Vol. CXXVII. No. 4,191.

and the K ing o f Glory. The fa ct that, in Great Britain, it would be difficult and even undesirable to arrange such processions ought to increase our resolve to make the ordinary services o f Passiontide and H o ly W eek more impressive than ever before. Sports and excursions are being advertised fo r Good Friday on a large scale ; so let us see to it that holiday-makers who may peep into Catholic churches on that day shall behold earnest throngs o f the faithful recollecting the reasons why the Friday o f Fridays is “ Good ” Friday.

To-m orrow ’s poll in Germany will do more than tell the world how many Germans have voted fo r von Hindenburg, Hitler, Düsterberg, and Thälmann respectively. Each o f these candidates fo r the presidency o f the Reich means more than his own mere self. A success for Marshal von Hindenburg at the first ballot would be a vote fo r the Weimar Constitution. The triumph o f the Marshal’s only form idable rival, Herr Hitler, would spell R evolu tion ; because the Nazis roundly denounce the Weimarites as “ the November crim inals,” b y which they mean the men who set up a Republic in November, 1918. A fter all he has been saying, it would be impossible fo r Herr Hitler to succeed Marshal von Hindenburg without trying to overthrow the existing Constitution and to repudiate b o th the Treaty and the Young Plan. A Hitlerite v icto ry to-m orrow would mean a profound change in all Europe’s political problems b y next week.

Not the least ugly feature of Nazism is its active persecution o f Jews. The precincts o f synagogues in Germany had to be guarded on Y om K ippur (the D ay o f Atonement) so that the Rosh Hashana (New Year) riots could not be repeated. Herr H itler’s Lieutenant, the fire-eater Goebbels, does his best to fan the anti-Semitic flames. One o f the many reasons why Nazism hates the Catholic Church is the opposition o f the German Bishops to Jewbaiting. Dr. Heinrich Stern, President o f the Jewish community in Berlin, has been speaking to