THE TABLET s l W e e k l y N e w s p a p e r a n d R e v i e w

DUM VOBIS GRATULAMUR ANIMOS ETIAM ADDIMUS UT IN INCCEPTIS V E S TR IS CONSTANTER MANEATIS

From the Brief o f His Holiness Pius IX to The Tablet, June 4,1870.

V o l . 1 5 8 . No. 4 ,7 6 3 .

L o n d o n , A u g u s t 2 2 , 1 9 3 1 .

S i x p e n c e .

R e g i s t e r e d a t t h e G e n e r a l P o s t O t t i c i a s a N i w s p a p m

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News and No t e s ................. 229 “ A Charge of B ig o try ” . . . 233 “ Hunted Game ” ................. 236 R ev iew s :

Butler-Hedley ................. 238 The Case for Castlereagh 239 An Aristotelian’ s .¿Esthetics 240 “ Behaviour ” and Beauty 240 New Books and Music . . . 241 Catholic Education Notes . . . 241 Perhaps! 242

CONTENTS

Chess ......................... 242 Correspondence :

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Rome (Our Own Corre­

spondent’s Weekly Letter from) ............................245 The Converts’ Aid Society 246 Obituary ............................ 246 Et Ce t e r a ............................247 The Council of Trent and the Mass ............................248 From The Tablet of Ninety

Years A g o ............................ 251

Dr. B a r n e s ......................... 251 Letters to the Editor :

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Trent and the Mass . . . 251 The Prussian Referendum 251 C.S.G. Work in Lancashire 251 Comino Events . . . . . . 251 Orbis Terrarum:

England, Scotland and Wales .............. . . . 252 Ireland .............. . . . 252 Austria .............. . . . 252 Central Africa . . . 252

Orbis Terrarum ( Oontd.) :

China .............. Czechoslovakia France .............. Germany .............. Italy .............. Poland .............. Portugal .............. Spain .............. Switzerland U.S.A......................... Social and Personal

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.. 252 .. 253 .. 253 .. 254 .. 254 .. 254 .. 254 .. 254 .. 256 .. 256 .. 256

NOTANDA Religion in Russia. A Tablet writer, carefully excluding Orthodox and Catholic victims from the survey, describes the Soviet’s persecution o f Protestant Christians (p. 236).

Sir Henry Lunn charges Cardinal Bourne with bigotry. The Tablet reprints his accusation in full and delivers a reasoned reply (p. 233).

“ Butler-Hedley.” A review (enriched with long excerpts) o f an important work (p. 238).

Trent and the Mass. The Bishop o f Hebron concludes his historical enquiry (p. 248).

Spain. The exiled Cardinal Primate, in a letter to Señor Zamora, justifies the protest o f the Spanish Bishops against certain decrees by the Provisional Government (p. 256).

An Episcopal Engagement. The Bishop o f T ru ro ’ s gazette’s reference to the Bishop o f Birmingham (p. 251).

The work o f the Society o f St. Vincent de Paul. An opportunity (p. 247).

Where Catholics in London went fo r their Sunday walks ninety years ago (p. 251).

The"new Abbot o f Mount Melleray (p. 252).

NEWS AND NOTES L ONDON’S August blankness has been chased away this year by keen political activity, and the stage is crowded with performers. In recording the very little which is known and in guessing at the very much which is unknown, certain journalists have been guilty of scare-mongering to an extent which has done British credit no good in foreign countries. As we write, an impression prevails that a good deal depends on the forthcoming Trade Union Congress which is to assemble early next month. That the Trades Unions should express themselves frankly on such matters as unemploy

N ew S e r ie s . Vol. CXXVI. No. 4,162.

ment, wage-reduction and food-taxes is quite right ; but we observe in some quarters a tendency to regard the T.U.C. as a legitimate Power Behind the Throne, whose decisions must be accepted by the Government. But we are not yet under a Dyarchy ; and it is the duty of Labour, as well as of Conservative citizens to resist unconstitutional usurpations, whether they be attempted from the Right or from thé Left.

“ Politicus ” says he is astonished that The Tablet has not read between the lines o f Mr. Winston Churchill’s article on Mr. Lloyd George. The Tablet is astonished that “ Politicus ” has not read between the lines of our Notes on Mr. Churchill’s article.

Letters from both urban and rural dwellers in Prussia confirm our earlier impressions of the Referendum. Where Catholics were strongest, support for the Nazi-Communist attack was weakest. But, although the Referendum was unpatriotic in its untimeliness, it cannot be fairly denied that the Government also deserved blame. Making what appears to have been a tyrannical and unwise use o f the decree-laws, Herr Braun’s Ministry compelled the newspapers o f their opponents to print an official manifesto violently denouncing the pro-Dissolutionists. It was as if, on the eve of a General Election in England, the Morning Post had to display a fierce anti-Conservative tirade, or as if the Daily Herald were forced to publish a sharp Tory scolding o f all electors with Labour leanings. As there are Catholics in the Braun Coalition, we cannot acquit our co-religionists of blame ; but it is a pleasure to note that the Catholic daily newspaper Germania, which is reputed to be in close touch with Dr. Briining, has spoken out strongly against the tactless order given to the Press. As for the Germans’ own reading o f the plebiscitary votes, our information is to the effect that the Republic has been consolidated and that there are grounds for hoping that the better elements on the Right may be won over from their barren