THE TABLET y i W e e k ly N e w s p a p e r a n d R e v i e w

DUM VOBIS GRATULAMUR ANIMOS ETIAM ADDIMUS UT IN INCCEPTIS V E STR IS CONSTANTER MANEATIS

From the Brief o f His Holiness Pius IX to The Tablet, June 4,1870.

Vol. 158, No. 4,756.

L ondon, J uly 4, 19 31.

Sixpence.

Ki QIBTXUD AT TH1 GENERAL POST O l I I C I AS A N lW SPAPU

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News and No t e s .............. 1 Spain’ s New Cortes . . . 5 The Knights of Malta . .. 6 Calvary and the Mass . . . 7 University Notes .............. 9 From The Tablet of Ninety

Years Ago 10 Review s :

Peace and Pacifism . . . 10 Doctor Angelicus . . . 11 Outstanding Novels —

X L IX .......................... 12 The New C h i n a .............. 12

CONTENTS

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Books Received .............. 12 New Books and Music . . . 13 Catholic Education Notes . . . 14 St. Edmund’s College . . . 14 Correspondence :

Rome (Our Own Corre­

spondent’s Weekly Letter from) ......................... 17 Coming Events .............. 18 E t C/ETEra ........................... 19 The Converts’ Aid Society 20 Finchley Grammar School 20

Letters to the Editor :

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Orbis Terrarum ( Gontd.)

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The “ Ounia ”

21 China

Captive Birds in the Heat 22 Czechoslovakia

Obituary ..............

The Austin Canons

School Sports

Chess .........................

22 France

22 Germany

India

22 Japan

23 Portugal

Orbis Terrarum :

England, Scotland and

Wales ..............

Ireland ..............

Brazil ..............

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South Africa

Spain

24 Uganda

25 Social and P ersonal .. 28

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NOTANDA Lithuania’ s diplom atic rupture with the H o ly See. A n echo o f H enry V I I I (p . 1).

A Tablet leader-w riter comments on last Sunday’s General E lection in Spain (p. 5).

Calvary and the Mass. A n article by Dr. A lex ander M a cD onald in which his lordship states and maintains a thesis (p. 7).

The Bishop o f Durham once more describes the Protestant U nderw orld and the pretty ways o f the underworldlings (p . 3).

“ Crude Literalism .” A n Anglican view o f the V ir g in B irth and the Resurrection (p . 2 ).

T w o N otes on the unacceptable pretensions o f the Fascist “ Totalitarian State ” (p. 2 ).

British politics in the near future. Can the T w o Party system be restored? (p. 4 ).

“ The spot preacher o f Notre Dame.” A queer story f rom Lahore (p. 3).

The Easter T erm at Cambridge. Catholic successes in the T r ip os lists; and an interesting tabulation (pp. 9 -1 0 ) .

C .R .L . The golden jubilee o f the English P rovin ce (p . 22).

N E W S A N D N O T E S

L IT H U A N IA is a State so rem ote and small that a flippant novelist has called it “ one o f those new countries named after the Cunard liners.” Its population is much less than half the population o f London. Nevertheless, it is a Sovereign Republic; and therefore its Governm ent’s dispute w ith the H o ly See is worth one or tw o o f our Notes.

N ot on ly is Lithuania a mainly Catholic country but its Catholicism is very much alive. The Catholics are keen on intellectual progress. A t K o v n o (or Kaunas), the Capital, 8oo students

N ew S e r ie s . Vol. CXXVI. No. 4,155.

belong to Catholic ’V arsity Associations and there are 8,ooo more members o f these Associations scattered among the Secondary Schools o f Lithuania. In their zeal fo r higher studies, the Catholics o f this little and rather p oor country maintain no less than s ix ty Catholic students at foreign Universities. Last year the Government, anticipating I ta ly ’ s despotic act, dissolved the Associations o f young people, despite the Concordat.

Personal rather than Byzantine forces have brought the trouble to a head : indeed the official Lithuanian break w ith R om e reminds us more o f England and Henry V I I I than o f Ita ly and Mussolini. The little R epublic’s Minister for Foreign Affairs is a certain M. Zaunius, a German b y extraction, a Protestant b y religion, and, unfortunately, a d ivorced man. So lamentable were the circum stances o f this p o litic ia n ’s d ivorce and “ remarriage ” that the Nuncio Apostolic, Mgr. Bartolini, could not be present at certain social functions. Thus was the Zaunian ire kindled and a true persecution o f religion began. When Mgr. Bartolini courteously poin ted out that the Concordat was being broken, M. Zaunius sent the almost incredibly vulgar answer : “ Lithuania doesn’t care whether there is trouble w ith the H o ly See or not. The H o ly See is a moral Power only, w ith no arm y and n o guns.” A t the same time, K o v n o ’s Foreign Office in form ed the Cardinal Secretary o f State that the Nuncio was no longer persona grata. A d ip lom atic jou rney o f Mgr. Bartolini to R om e was arranged ; but, when tw o months had passed w ithout K o v n o deigning to state the grounds o f its ob je ction s to him , His E xcellency returned to his post. As it was reasonably assumed that the troubles had b low n over, the Nuncio am icably inform ed M. Smetona (President o f the Lithuanian Republic) that he was the bearer o f a little g ift from the Sovereign Pontiff in the shape o f a cabinet containing a full set o f th e new papal coins. But M. Zaunius and his dame remained in a Tudor temper. More rudely than ever, and with a com plete disregard o f d ip lom atic