THE TABLET

y i Weekly N ew sp a p e r a n d R eview

DUM VOBIS GRATULAMUR ANIMOS ETIAM ADDIMUS UT IN INCCEPTIS V E ST R IS CONSTANTER MANEATIS

From the Brief of His Holiness Pius IX to The Tablet, June 4,1870.

V ol. 157. N o . 4,752.

L o n d o n , J u n e 6, 1931.

S ix p e n c e .

R eg is tered at the General P ost Of f ic e as a New spaper

Page

News and No t e s ..................733 Fascism o’s N e r v e s ................... 737 Books Received ................... 738 Review s :

The Theory of Knowledge 738 Canon Myers on the

Church ............................... 738 Sketches in Monasticism 739 T ru th about Homer . . . 739 The M an w ith a M incer 740 F rom The Tablet of N inety

Y ears A g o ................................740 New Books and Music . . . 740 Encyclical L e tte r ................... 741

CONT

A Convent Chapel a t Can­

n in g T o w n ....................... 745 St. Jo an of A rc ’s Quincen­

Page te n a ry ................................74 6 Correspondence :

Rome (O u r Own Corre­

spondent’s Weekly L e tte r from ) ................................75 1 The Troubles in I ta ly . . . 752 Coming Events ................. 752 E t C.e t e r a ..................... 753 Catholic E ducation Notes . . . 754 Catholic Young Men’s

Society ................................7 55

ENTS

Page

H e rb e r t Dean, K.S.G. . . . 755 Obituary ................ . . . 756 W i l l s ............................ . . . 756 Liverpool C a th e d r a l : The

Pope’s G ift

. . . 756

The York P ilg rim age . . . 756 Ch e s s ............................ . . . 757 Orb is Terrarum:

England, Scotland and W ales ................ . . . 758 I r e la n d ................ . . . 759 A u s tr ia ................ . . . 759 Belgium ................ . . . 760 Ceylon ................ . . . 760

Or b is Terrarum (Oontd.) :

Page

F ran ce ............................... 760 G erm any ............................... 760 Holland ............................. 760 I n d ia 760 I t a l y ............................................ 761 J a p a n ................................761 Malta 762 P o la nd ................................7 62 R u ss ia ................................7 62 Spain 762 S w a z i l a n d ............................... 762 O rd in a tio n a t Oscott . . . 762 Social and P ersonal . . . 762

NOTANDA

“ After Spain, Italy.” Fascismo’s attack of nerves leads to bad temper, bad manners and bad behaviour (p. 737).

St. Joan of Arc. Great days at Rouen, with an English Cardinal-Legate as their central figure (p. 746).

Quadragesimo anno. The first part of a great Encyclical (p. 741).

“ Built on the Rock of Peter.” An inadequate explanation of an extraordinary Wesleyan sermon (p. 736).

Last month’s brief Terror in Spain. Mean words from a Liverpool Protestant Professor (p. 734).

Can the Labour Party be better named? A working journalist’s excuse for the misuse of the word “ Socialists ” (p. 736).

Russian butter. Lord Hastings reports an entomologist’s unwelcome discovery (p. 736).

Some Catholic names in the Birthday Honours List (p. 753).

NEWS AND NOTES Y \ 7E are publishing the Encyclical Quadragesimo * ' anno in three instalments. Experience has taught us that, when a very long Papal Letter is given to the faithful all at once, thousands of persons carefully put it on one side for attentive reading a t leisure; and somehow the leisure never comes. There is the further point that translators of Papal utterances hardly ever give us English versions which are easy to read. A false notion of respect for the original text causes them to reproduce in English long and involved periods which ought to be broken up into shorter, clearer and more vivid Anglo-Saxon. For our sins, we have waded through some so-called translations of Encyclicals which have not been English at all.

N ew S e r i e s . Vol. CXXV. No. 4,151.

Happily, the official English rendering of Quadragesimo anno is a great improvement on most of what has been done in the past in this line. Our three instalments will be exactly co-terminous with the three divisions of the Sovereign Pontiff’s own Letter, and will be of unequal length ; but not one of them will be too long for perusal by ordinary Catholics whose attitude towards their Holy Father is one of respectful docility.

Lest any Catholic should be cast down by last month's sacrilege in Spain and by the still more recent anti-Catholic outbreaks on the part of some Italian Fascists, we recall two facts. First, it is a note or mark of the Catholic Church to suffer persecution. Second, it is happily true that, while the Church is indestructible, the forces of evil have small staying-power. Only five-and-twenty short years ago, the Church in France entered into an epoch of spoliation and persecution so severe that few of us expected a better state of things to begin during our own lifetime. Yet France again has an envoy at the Vatican, and in Paris a Nuncio is again doyen of the Diplomatic Body. Last week Cardinal Bourne, landing in France not only as the Pope’s Legate, but also as the Holy See’s Ambassador Extraordinary to the French Republic, was received with military honours on the grand scale and was paid every possible attention by a high Minister of State, namely, M. Léon Bérard, garde des Sceaux and Vice-President of the Council. On a later page will be found an account of the wonderful fêtes in commemoration of St. Joan’s martyrdom. From every side come testimonies to the tact and skill with which His Eminence discharged the legatine task. • His allocution in French was brief ; yet it was full of points, such as the indebtedness of England to St. Joan for the ending of a state of things in which England was excessively Frenchified. The Legate, as was fitting in a spokesman of the Apostolic See, also emphasized the clean record of Rome herself in regard to the Maid. Our Cardinal’s graceful act in procuring his own offering of flowers to be thrown into th a t old River Seine whose waters bore away St. Joan’s ashes five hundred years ago