THE TABLET A WEEKLY NEWSPAPER AND REVIEW

ESTABLISHED 1840 R E G IS T E R ED A S A N EW S P A P E R

VOL. 174 No. 5179

LONDON, AUGUST 12th, 1939

SIXPENCE

IN THIS ISSUE

THE WAR OF NERVES IN POLAND

By a Polish Correspondent

THE CATHOLIC SOCIAL GUILD An Account of the Summer School, by E. M . Ross

THE FAMILY AND THE FUTURE

An Editorial on the Declining Population

DEVOTION TO OUR LADY Written for the Feast of the Assumption, by R. H . J. Steuart, S .J .

Full List o f Contents on page 200.

THE WORLD WEEK BY WEEK A Loan for the Soviet

The official Tass agency announced in Moscow last week that the Council o f People’s Commissars has decided to raise by loan the vast sum of six milliards of roubles, or about £240 millions, to bear interest at four per cent, and to be repayable in twenty years’ time. Le Matin finds this fact amusing ; the Soviet, then, is indulging in a bourgeois financial operation ; it is seeking the help o f cette chose infâme qui s'appelle le capital, and, contrary to all we have been told by the moujiks o f French Communism, Russia is still a capitalist State, in which capitalists still exist, to whom the ■Government can turn with offers o f interest when it is in need. But Georges Larpent, o f V A c t io n Française, denies th a t this is the case ; it is manifestly the British .and French investor, he writes, for whom this loan is designed. According to his information, the Soviet Government has again raised the price o f an understanding with France and Britain, and has flatly refused to carry the negotiations any further before this loan has been launched on the London and Paris markets. IHence Mr. Strang has come home. When the six milliards o f roubles have been subscribed, then, and then only, will diplomatic conversations be resumed. The military conversations will continue, however. ‘"The Soviets, having discovered our military secrets and pocketed our money, will at last be disposed to discuss the eventual and very problematic support which they might lend us if necessary.” The new Russian Purge continues

A further ukase of the Sovnarkom presents a new 'list o f 117 citizens of the workers’ paradise, mostly holders of civil office, who have suffered public degradation for treachery to the regime. I t has been explained to the western Press that these lists represent no new •“ purge,” and th a t all th a t has happened is that the Government has ra ther tactlessly chosen the present time to degrade formally a number of men who have been in disgrace for years. I t may be true o f some of o f the men on the new lists ; it may even be true of a majority ; but it certainly is not true of them all. Some o f the most im portant of the new victims were in high esteem until quite recently ; we pointed out last week that General Stern, for instance, was in a high and responsible position less than three weeks ago.

Among those who have recently been shot in Russia, according to reports from the Moscow correspondents of the Polish Illustrowany Kurjer Codzienny and o f several French newspapers, is Bela Khun, or Cohen, one of the most active, dangerous and cruel of the revolutionaries of post-W ar Europe. He played an important part in the October Revolution in Russia, and led the Bolshevist Revolution in Hungary in the spring of 1919, reigning in th a t country for several months. In 1920 he was sent to “ clean u p ” the Crimea, which he did with such ruthless vigour th a t the Kremlin was obliged to recall him to Moscow. He followed Trotsky when Trotsky and Stalin came to the parting o f the ways in 1925, and worked for the Fourth International in Spain in 1934. He was captured by the OGPU in 1936 or 1937, and has been in prison in Moscow ever since. Washington and the Soviet

The United States have renewed for a year their commercial agreement with Soviet Russia, providing them for a further period with most favoured nation privileges. It is not likely th a t there is any political background to this, but the United States does sometimes make commercial favours conditional on something not included in the terms o f the agreement. Last autumn, for instance, at the same time as the trade agreement concluded between this country and the United States, there was a similar agreement between the United States and Belgium. The Americans could easily afford to do without it, and the Belgians could not ; therefore