THE TABLET A WEEKLY NEWSPAPER AND REVIEW

ESTABLISHED 1840 REG IS TERED AS A N EW S PA P E R

VOL. 174 No. 5177

LONDON, JULY 29th, 1939

SIXPENCE

IN THIS ISSUE

THE PRIVATE PROFITS OF REARMAMENT

By R, R. Stokes, M .P .

VIENNA IN JULY, 1939

A Visitor’s Description

THE TRADITION OF GERMAN CATHOLICISM-III.

By Our Central European Correspondent

ANGUISH AND HEROISM WHAT’S AFOOT IN SPAIN?

The Theories of Rene Lacroze

An Editorial

Full List o f Contents on page 136.

THE WORLD WEEK BY WEEK Special Powers against the I.R.A.

The last few days o f Parliament have been occupied in rushing through a Bill to strengthen the Home Secretary and the police in coping with the bomb outrages of the I.R .A . When two o f these outrages took place in London on Wednesday, a t K ing’s Cross, a life was lost owing to the explosion. All too soon the threat that the next explosions would take place without regard to the risks of killing people has been proved a true one, and if the authors of the K ing’s Cross explosion are found, they will be charged with murder. Liberal Members, naturally proud of the long tradition o f justice in this country, with its protection for the private person against the executive, demurred at the powers for which the Government have asked, and the Government has asked for them, in the way things of great importance generally happen in Great Britain, merely as a tem porary measure. There is no substance in the political campaign with which these bombs are connected, and it is equally well known that money from foreign sources has been made available to increase the range and activity of the extremists. It is accordingly optimistic to assume that these powers will prove temporary. I t is much more probable that they mark the recognition by the State o f the new conditions which are not likely soon to disappear. I t is the first rule o f the new technique, first perfected by the Communists, but now adopted by the Nazis, to seek in every country for divisions of opinion and to encourage one or other of the parties in order to produce a real internal tension. An amusing aspect of this is Dr. Goebbels’s discovery of the Scotch as an oppressed nationality, to whom German encouragement may usefully be extended. It is only too natural th a t the Germans, all of whose writing and speaking on political matters is done by or under Dr. Goebbels himself, should refuse to believe that Commander K ing-Hall’s letters to private German citizens are not the first fruits o f Lord P e r th ’s new department. But a moment’s thought would have shown the Germans th a t no official propaganda from Great Britain would have been guilty o f the needless and ill-mannered remarks about Italy which have unfortunately disfigured Commander K ing-Hall’s letters. It is not the policy of this country, or of any of its citizens who appreciate the real position in Europe, to do anything to diminish the value o f the Anglo-ltalian Agreement signed last April. As that Agreement was the culmination of Lord P e r th ’s ambassadorship in Rome, his department would be the last body to sponsor remarks only calculated to estrange Britain and Italy. The Financial Approach

Opinions differ as to how far Mr. R. S. Hudson was merely speaking for himself and expressing his own ideas in conversation with the German trade representative, Herr Wohltat. I t is certainly true that he has made no secret o f these ideas. He has spoken of them freely, for instance, to the Spaniards, and they have been in the air for some litttle time. What was unfortunate was that they should have come into the light of day at the very moment when the Poles were being asked to content themselves with a very much smaller loan than they had expected. By comparison with the £8,000,000 which the Treasury has agreed, after a great deal of discussion, to lend to Poland for immediate necessities, even to talk o f a loan of £1000,000,000 to change the German economy from a war to a peace basis, carries the suggestion that the best way to get money from this country is to seem dangerous to it.