VOL. 173 No. 5153



IN T i n s ISSUE

TH E CHURCH AND FASCISM An Editorial on the Tenth Anniversary of the Lateran Treaty


A Study of Foreign Policy by Christopher Hollis

THE STUART PAPERS AT WINDSOR Unpublished letters between Prince Charles Edward and his Father during the ’45



A further instalment of Rosalind Murray’s Apologia

Full List o f Contents on page 164.

THE WORLD WEEK BY WEEK A New Power in Europe

With every day that passes the great new reality in Europe, the trium phant emergence o f the new National Spain, becomes plainer and plainer, even to the eyes least willing to recognize the facts. In a six weeks’ offensive General Franco has completely over-run that Catalonia, which it was always boasted he could never take, even though he might conquer the rest o f Spain. The enormous pretence th a t there was a people united implacably against him has been destroyed. As the Republican Army streams into France, there goes with it an extensive and varied collection o f armaments, aeroplanes and tanks as well as lesser arms, but what has been salvaged is very small compared with what has been abandoned and captured. The essential tru th is winning reluctant admission th a t the men who still style themselves “ the Spanish Government” have ruled by terror and not by general support.

The numbers o f the refugees face the French with a real problem o f organization, but the number is very small by comparison with the millions who make up the population of Catalonia. Over and over again it has been asserted th a t Catalonia had three million refugees from other parts o f Spain ; those now taking refuge in France are barely a tenth o f that refugee total. But delusions die hard, and there is a t the moment a short-sighted idea prevalent in Paris and London, th a t now is the moment to grant his own victory to General Franco by negotiation. The French have, at very long last, sent a worthy representative, M. Berard, a Right Wing senator o f presidential timbre, to Burgos,

and he has been courteously received. General Franco, magnanimously in the circumstances, has allowed French staff officers to go and see for themselves th a t there are no newly raised fortifications on the Spanish side of the Pyrenees. He has held back his small Italian contingent from the Pyrenean frontier, and Sr. Mussolini has again most categorically stated that these contingents will withdraw as soon as the war is ended, and that he seeks no special footing in Spain. Till the End

I t is very understandable th a t the Italians should remain until the war is really over. Within a very few weeks o f the solemn declarations that the Republicans had disbanded and repatriated the International Brigades, the journalists of the Left papers stationed on the French frontier are sending back, in their stories of the refugees, repeated references to these Brigades, showing them to be still in the field. When it is remembered that, from the beginning, Dr. Negrin and Sr. Del Vayo have heartened their followers with resounding assurances that the great democracies of France and Britain were going to assure them o f victory, and that the effort on the other side was wholly a matter of German and Italian ambition, it can be seen how any Italian withdrawal would a t once be used in Madrid. Precisely because the Italian intervention has been so fantastically exaggerated from the first, and the war has always been described as a foreign invasion, the withdrawal would be believed to be making a military difference.