THE TABLET A WEEKLY NEWSPAPER AND REVIEW

ESTABLISHED 1840 R EG ISTERED AS A N EW S P A P E R

VOL. 172 No. 5143

LONDON DECEMBER 3rd 1938

SIXPENCE

IN T H IS I S S U E

CHRISTMAS BOOKS SUPPLEMENT

Reviews by Christopher Hollis, Compton Mackenzie, Evelyn Waugh, Tancred Borenius,

David Mathew, Lord Howard of Penrith, J. Lewis May, Donald Attwater

NATIONALISTS IN THE SOVIET UNION

Caucasia and Ukraine By Lancelot Lawton

THE CHURCH IN SPAIN

IV.—The Damage Done by the War

ADVENT By R. H. J. Steuart, S .J .

PARIS LETTER ADVENT PASTORALS

Full List o f Contents on page 728.

THE WORLD WEEK BY WEEK The French Government Wins

M. Daladier and M. Reynaud and their colleagues left the French public in no doubt that the fomenters of Wednesday’s General Strike were only using the economy decrees as a pretext. I t was intended as a trial of strength in the hope of bringing down the ministry which now rules without and against the extreme Left. A General Strike was the only remaining expedient o f the Left, after it had lost Parliamentary control of the Government. The decision o f Mr. Chamberlain and M. Daladier not to go any further towards granting General Franco belligerent rights, was a decision taken in order to strengthen M. Daladier for this coming trial of strength. I t was undoubtedly prudent. I t was essential for the French Government to keep public opinion on its side, and French public opinion is sharply divided over Spain. Indeed the real reason why the strike was decreed for last week is that there is now a narrow time limit if anything effective is to be done by the French Left to save the Barcelona regime. With the collapse o f the strike, different tactics will have to be employed, and we may confidently expect a concentration on the British public and the British shipping issue. We hope the Spanish Nationalists, recognizing th a t time is strongly on their side, will do nothing which will aid these manoeuvres of their enemies. It is perfectly true that it is very trying for the Nationalists to see the success which is attending the attem pts to transfer the feeding of the population of Catalonia to voluntary effort in Britain and the United

States, in order to leave more funds available to import munitions o f war. I t is true that the real inhumanity comes from the prolongation o f the struggle. The deaths and misery which have resulted from the success of the International Brigades in holding Madrid are an appalling to tal today. As a matter of history if these Brigades had not been successfully recruited, assembled and equipped in France and rushed through to Madrid, the city would have been taken without much bloodshed in November, 1936. It was men prepared to fight against the Nationalists who had to be collected from a distance and imported into Spain. Spain is a conscript country and Madrid, like the other cities, was full of men who had done their military service, but it was not full o f men who believed in the cause of the revolution. Hence it was necessary fo r the French and Russian statesmen to oppose the original suggestion o f Italy and Germany in August, 1936, th a t Non-Intervention should extend its ban to volunteers as well as to arms. The Brigades were raised through September and October and rushed to Spain, and the reply in December and January was the despatch of the Italian divisions. The War Makers

M. Daladier’s broadcast did not mince matters. He had to say openly that there are international forces at work trying to wreck peace. In September they thought they had their war, and they liked the prospect of France entering it unprepared. An unsuccessful war had meant the end of the second empire, and it would