THE TABLET A WEEKLY NEWSPAPER AND REVIEW

ESTABLISHED 1840 REGISTERED AS A NEWSPAPER

VOL. 171 No. 5109

LONDON APRIL 9th, 1938

SIXPENCE

IN TH IS IS SU E

THE VATICAN, AUSTRIA. AND THE REICH

Declarations and Comment

BELLIGERENT STATUS AND THE SPANISH WAR

By Kevin Hayes

AMERICAN PROSPECTS

By Christopher Hollis

THE ROME AGREEMENT

An Editorial

THE THIRD TEMPTATION OF OUR LORD

By Mgr. Ronald Knox Full List o f Contents on page 464.

THE WORLD WEEK BY WEEK Industry and Politics

The Government continues to have interviews with Trade Union representatives to secure agreement for the speeding up of British rearmament. In so far as the Unions ask for industrial guarantees that the speeding up shall not undermine or destroy the standards in their industries, they are on firm ground. What they cannot do is to seek to dictate a particular foreign policy by the threat of withholding their co-operation. The great difference between their point of view and that of Mr. Chamberlain’s Government, is that they want to show much more uncompromising opposition to a much greater number of foreign countries than he does. The first essential for their policy, no less than for his, is the effective rearmament of Great Britain. No one is louder than the Labour Party in insisting on the sovereignty of Parliament over foreign policy, and the nation can only be the loser in proportion as the most is made of divisions of opinion. The men who rise to the positions of decisive authority in the Unions do so by being experts in industrial conditions in particular trades in this country. They find themselves at the mercy of their expert advisers and of the Labour Party intellectuals in their reading of the European situation, and in their often fatuous suggestions for conducting foreign relations. The peculiar virulence of the extreme Left Wing current is that it provides a substitute for learning about foreign countries, for learning history and languages. It provides a glib formula instead, by which countries are simply judged by whether they have Parliaments and Trade Unions, as those institutions are understood here. If they have not, they are classified as Fascists and considered as our inevitable and mortal enemies. The Blind Spot

Nothing is more unreasonable than the reckless multiplication of enemies for Great Britain at the present time. What good can Liberals like Sir Archibald Sinclair or Mr. Acland imagine they are doing by publicly describing General Franco as a puppet, when, in a few weeks, their country will be dealing with him as the ruler of Spain ? This Liberal-Labour mentality needlessly, and often grotesquely, exaggerates the danger of this country from countries which have no reason or desire to be its enemies, and at the same time it completely underestimates the activity and the effectiveness of the Third International. Le Jour has just published, on the authority, it says, of a high official of the French Foreign Office, who learned it from the Ambassador, what the United States Ambassador to Paris, Mr. Bullitt, learned in July, 1936, when he was United States Ambassador at Moscow. He had been sent there because he was believed to be, as so many Americans at a distance are, favourably disposed to Soviet Russia, as an experiment. He was there for two years, and it so happened that when he was paying his farewell visits, on July 14th, 1936, one of the chief figures in the hierarchy of Moscow then said to him : “ In two weeks Spain will be ours, and in two months, France.” It will be interesting to see if Mr. Bullitt comments on this statement of Le Jour. There is no question of the general optimism that prevailed in Moscow two years ago, or that the plan of campaign was to extend to France from Spain.

The pessimistic note in Signor Mussolini’s review of Italy’s military position rested primarily on his awareness that the position today is highly dangerous through the combination of Komintern activity with an extreme inflammability and ignorance in the forces of the Left in France and Britain, which are showing themselves so ready to mobilize for what is intended to be a world war under the slogan “ Democracy versus Fascism.”