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Explore an eccentric symbol of Catholic resistance to Elizabeth I, on page 82

22 Who started the Civil War? Jonathan Healey reveals what provoked the bloody con ict between king and parliament in the 1640s

30 Romanov murders Helen Rappaport scrutinises the theory that George V could have saved Nicholas II from his brutal fate a century ago

35 Queen Victoria’s Indians From maharajahs to social reformers, Miles Taylor pro les the eastern luminaries who found favour at the British court

42 Victory in 1918 Nick Lloyd describes the Allied assault at Amiens, which shattered German morale on the western front a century ago

50 Bess of Hardwick Tracy Borman charts the rise of a courtier who was a thorn in the side of both Elizabeth I and Mary, Queen of Scots

58 Monks behaving badly Emma J Wells explores the clergy’s reputation for drinking, gambling and fornicating in the Middle Ages

6 ANNIVERSARIES 13 HISTORY NOW 1 3 The latest history news

1 6 Backgrounder: grammar schools 18 Past notes: Scrabble

19 MICHAEL WOOD’S VIEW 20 LETTERS 48 OUR FIRST WORLD WAR 67 BOOKS Thelatestreleasesreviewed,plus DavidEdgertondiscusseshisnew surveyofmodernBritain

79 TV & RADIO The pick of new history programmes

82 OUT &ABOUT 82 History Explorer: Tudor Catholics

87 Five things to do in August 88 My favourite place: Tokyo

95 MISCELLANY 95 Q&A and quiz 96 Samantha’s recipe corner 97 Prize crossword

98 MY HISTORY HERO Michael Howard chooses Elizabeth I

EVENTS 56 Buy tickets for our History Weekends

40 SUBSCRIBE Get exclusive access to our online

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62 The 1930s holiday craze Eighty years a er its introduction, Kathryn Ferry recalls the impact of the 1938 Holidays with Pay Act

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BBC HISTORY (ISSN 1469-8552)

(USPS 024-177) August 2018 is published 13 times a year under licence from BBC Worldwide by Immediate Media Company Bristol Ltd, Tower House, Fairfax Street, Bristol BS1 3BN, UK. Distributed in the US by Circulation Specialists, Inc., 2 Corporate Drive, Suite 945, Shelton CT 06484-6238. Periodicals postage paid at Shelton, CT and additional mailing offices. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to BBC HISTORY MAGAZINE, PO Box 37495, Boone, IA 50037-0495.

58 The medieval monks who couldn’t stay on the straight and narrow

30 Could George V really have saved his cousin from the Bolsheviks?

62 Why the 1930s was a new dawn for British holidaymakers


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