CONTENTS Volume 65 No 3 June/July 2018

HAVE AN IDEA FOR AN ARTICLE OR INTERESTED IN WRITING FOR US? For details contact tom.ireland@rsb.org.uk

ROYAL SOCIETY OF BIOLOGY Charles Darwin House, 12 Roger Street, London WC1N 2JU Tel: 020 7685 2400 info@rsb.org.uk; www.rsb.org.uk

EDITORIAL STAFF Editor Tom Ireland MRSB @Tom_J_Ireland tom.ireland@rsb.org.uk Chair of the Editorial Board Professor Alison Woollard FRSB Editorial Board Dr Anthony Flemming MRSB, Syngenta Professor Adam Hart FRSB, University of Gloucestershire Dr Sarah Maddocks CBiol MRSB, Cardiff Metropolitan University Dr Rachael Nimmo MRSB, University College London Professor Shaun D Pattinson FRSB, Durham University Dr James Poulter MRSB, University of Leeds Dr Cristiana P Velloso MRSB, King’s College London Membership enquiries Tel: 01233 504804 membership@rsb.org.uk Subscription enquiries Tel: 020 7685 2556; info@rsb.org.uk The Biologist is produced on behalf of the Royal Society of Biology by Think Publishing Ltd, Capital House, 25 Chapel Street, London NW1 5DH www.thinkpublishing.co.uk; 020 3771 7200 Printed by Wyndeham Southernprint Art director Matthew Ball Design Felipe Perez Production editor Sian Campbell Sub editor Kirsty Fortune Editorial assistant Alec Mackenzie Associate director John Innes john.innes@thinkpublishing.co.uk Non-member rates: £126.00 ISSN 0006-3347 Advertising in The Biologist represents an unparalleled opportunity to reach a large community of professional biologists. For advertising information contact tom.ireland@rsb.org.uk; 020 7685 2556 Views expressed in this magazine are not necessarily those of the Editorial Board or the Royal Society of Biology.

© 2018 Royal Society of Biology (Registered charity no. 277981) The Society permits single copying of individual articles for private study or research, irrespective of where the copying is done. Multiple copying of individual articles for teaching purposes is also permitted without specific permission. For copying or reproduction for any other purpose, written permission must be sought from the Society. Exceptions to the above are those institutions and non-publishing organisations that have an agreement or licence with the UK Copyright Licensing Agency or the US Copyright Clearance Center. Access to the magazine is available online; please see the Society’s website for further details. This magazine is wrapped in biodegradable starch

ON THE COVER Pouch perfect 10 Understanding the unique reproductive biology of seahorses

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UP FRONT 04 Society News RSB membership reaches record high; RSB spider data published

06 Policy, analysis and opinion The difficulties of naming new species; policy news, and the life science Sector Deal

FEATURES 14 Thought bubbles Arc, the extraordinary protein that acts like a virus and helps form memories

18 Interview Mechanobiology and biohacking in Andrew Pelling’s weird and wonderful ‘augmented biology’ lab

22 Who was Kathleen Carpenter? The ‘mother of freshwater ecology’ and her pioneering work on pollution

26 Seashore seekers The beauty of beachcombing and its contribution to conservation

REGULARS 30 Focus on… Image manipulation in bioscience

32 Members The Society’s nanoscience novellist and other member news

36 Book reviews 41 Treasurer’s report 42 Branches 47 Crossword

48 Museum piece ‘Unseen Oceans’ at the American Museum of Natural History, NY 18

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Vol 65 No 3 / The Biologist / 1