NOVEMBER 2017

CONTENTS

Features

Every month

Why did the gunpowder plot go up in smoke? All is revealed on page 50

20 The Russian Revolution Four historians o er their verdicts on the tumultuous events that swept Vladimir Lenin into power a century ago

27 Richard III: an evil mastermind? Did the controversial monarch scheme or blunder his way to the English throne in 1483? Chris Skidmore investigates

34 Heaven on Earth What do religious artefacts tell us about humanity’s relationship with the divine? Neil MacGregor o ers his thoughts

39 TheVictorians’ long shadow David Cannadine explains why the Victorian era de ned political discourse in Britain up to the 1980s and beyond

44 The Reformation David Starkey tells us why the religious violence of the 16th century has striking echoes in the present day

50 The gunpowder plot John Cooper and Hannah Greig answer the biggest questions surrounding the events of 5 November 1605

56 Monty’s blunders James Holland o ers a new take on the Allies’ famous, but awed, victory at the second battle of El Alamein 75 years ago

6 ANNIVERSARIES 11 HISTORY NOW 1 1 The latest history news

1 4 Backgrounder: the right in America 16 Past notes: royal weddings

17 MICHAEL WOOD’S VIEW 18 LETTERS 62 OUR FIRST WORLD WAR 65 BOOKS Thelatestreleasesreviewed,plusNiall Fergusondiscusseshisbookonhow socialnetworkshaveshapedhistory

77 TV & RADIO The pick of new history programmes

80 OUT &ABOUT 80 History Explorer: opera

85 Five things to do in November 86 My favourite place: Jaipur

93 MISCELLANY 93 Q&A and quiz 94 Samantha’s recipe corner 95 Prize crossword

98 MY HISTORY HERO Kate Silverton chooses the archaeologistGertrudeBell

48 SUBSCRIBE Save when you subscribe today

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74 EVENTS Still time to book our History Weekend in York

USPS Identification Statement BBC HISTORY (ISSN 1469-8552) (USPS 024-177) November 2017 is published 13 times a year under licence from BBC Worldwide by Immediate Media Company Bristol Ltd, Tower House, Fairfax Street, Bristol BS1 3BN, UK. Distributed in the US by Circulation Specialists, Inc., 2 Corporate Drive, Suite 945, Shelton CT 06484-6238. Periodicals postage paid at Shelton, CT and additional mailing offices. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to BBC HISTORY MAGAZINE, PO Box 37495, Boone, IA 50037-0495.

56 Did the British pay too high a cost for victory at El Alamein?

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T O P F O T O

20 Was Lenin’s rise to power the most signi cant event of the 20th century?

44

David Starkey on the bloody fallout from the Reformation

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