MAY 2017

CONTENTS

Features

Every month

6 ANNIVERSARIES 11 HISTORY NOW 1 1 The latest history news

14 Backgrounder: taxation 16 Past notes

Find out how Lincoln Castle changed the course of English history, on page 22

22 Saving medieval England Thomas Asbridge tells the story of the 1217 battle of Lincoln, which gave birth to a new, more assertive English nation

REFORMATION 500

28 The bloody Reformation The break with Rome ushered in decades of savagery between Catholics and Protestants, writes Peter Marshall

34 War of religion Diarmaid MacCulloch reveals how Martin Luther’s Protestant revolution set Europe ablaze

18 LETTERS 21 MICHAEL WOOD’S VIEW 42 OUR FIRST WORLD WAR 67 BOOKS Experts review new releases, plus

Annie Gray discusses her new book on Queen Victoria’s eating habits

79 TV & RADIO The pick of this month’s history programmes

82 OUT & ABOUT 82 History explorer:

British museums 87 Five things to do in May 88 My favourite place: Seville

93 MISCELLANY 93 Q&A and quiz 94 Sam’s recipe corner 95 Prize crossword

38 England’s first queen Levi Roach pro les Æl hryth, the ‘king’s wife’ who wielded more power than any Anglo-Saxon woman before her

44 The great reformer Elizabeth Fry, the 19th-century champion of the impoverished, deserves greater recognition, argues Rosalind Crone

50 Guernica Who should shoulder the blame for the bombing of a defenceless Basque town in 1937? Paul Preston investigates

98 MY HISTORY HERO SimonCallowchoosesWagner

61 HISTORYWEEKENDS Your guide to our events at Winchester and York

48 SUBSCRIBE Save when you subscribe today

56 The hunt for King Arthur Nick Higham answers the most pressing questions on the search for the iconic warrior-king

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BBC HISTORY (ISSN 1469-8552) (USPS 024-177)

May 2017 is published 13 times a year under license from BBC Worldwide by Immediate Media Company Bristol Ltd, 9th Floor, Tower House, Fairfax Street, Bristol BS1 3BN, UK. Distributed in the US by Circulation Specialists, Inc., 2 Corporate Drive, Suite 945, Shelton CT 06484-6238. Periodicals postage paid at Shelton, CT and additional mailing offices. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to BBC HISTORY, PO Box 37495, Boone, IA 50037-0495.

38 Was England’s rst queen prepared to kill to wield power?

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44 How Elizabeth Fry stood up for the downtrodden

56 Is King Arthur’s story rooted in history?

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BBC History Magazine