FEBRUARY 2017

CONTENTS

Features

Every month

How Deborah Lipstadt took on a Holocaust denier – and won, on page 50

22 Cromwell’s military genius Martyn Bennett reveals how a man with no experience of battle became one of British history’s greatest ever warriors

28 The surgeon with a secret Jeremy Dron eld tells the amazing tale of the woman who pioneered caesarean operations, Dr James Barry

30 How to say “I love you” Kimberley-Joy Knight introduces seven love tokens from the Middle Ages

37 ChaoticconquestofIndia The East India Company’s attitude shaped Britain’s relations with the subcontinent for 350 years, says Jon Wilson

44 Europe’s greatest queen? Giles Tremlett assesses the impact of Spain’s powerful Isabella of Castile

50 Holocaust denial in court Richard J Evans re ects on the groundbreaking case of Irving v Lipstadt

56 Darwin’s prodigious beard Kathryn Hughes reveals how bodily quirks shaped the lives and legacies of four famous Victorians

60 Building modern Britain Julian Glover hails Thomas Telford, an engineer whose achievements have been overshadowed by IK Brunel

6 ANNIVERSARIES 11 HISTORY NOW 1 1 The latest history news

1 4 Backgrounder: caring for the elderly 16 Past notes: virtual reality

18 LETTERS 21 MICHAEL WOOD’S VIEW 54 OUR FIRST WORLD WAR 65 BOOKS Thelatestreleasesreviewed,plus RobertServicediscusseshisbook onthedownfallofTsarNicholasII

77 TV & RADIO The pick of new history programmes

80 OUT &ABOUT 80 History Explorer: Robin Hood

85 Five things to do in February 86 My favourite place: Gibraltar

93 MISCELLANY 93 Q&A and quiz 94 Samantha’s recipe corner 95 Prize crossword

98 MY HISTORY HERO Politician Baroness Boothroyd picks LabourPMClementAttlee

34 SUBSCRIBE Save when you subscribe today

* Offer available to UK Direct Debit orders only

USPS Identification Statement BBC HISTORY (ISSN 1469-8552) (USPS 024-177) February 2017 is published 13 times a year under licence from BBC Worldwide by Immediate Media Company Bristol Ltd, Tower House, Fairfax Street, Bristol BS1 3BN, UK. Distributed in the US by Circulation Specialists, Inc., 2 Corporate Drive, Suite 945, Shelton CT 06484-6238. Periodicals postage paid at Shelton, CT and additional mailing offices. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to BBC HISTORY MAGAZINE, PO Box 37495, Boone, IA 50037-0495.

28 The amazing double life of Dr James Barry

56 Famous Victorians who were shy about their bodies

I D G E M A N

/ B R

/ G E T T Y

I O N A L E D E F R A N C E

I O T H È Q U E N AT

I B L

B

/

/ S TAV R O S D A M O S

A L A M Y

4

BBC History Magazine

BBC History Magazine