contents december 2016 / january 2017 • issue 449 Editor Nancy Sladek Deputy Editor Tom Fleming Editor-at-Large Jeremy Lewis Assistant Editors Frank Brinkley • David Gelber Editorial Assistant Francesca Carington Contributing Editors Jonathan Beckman Michael Burleigh • Sara Wheeler • Philip Womack Advertising Manager Terry Finnegan Classified Advertising David Sturge Marketing Manager Katherine Bogden Bayard Founding Father Auberon Waugh Founding Editor Dr Anne Smith Cover Illustration Chris Riddell

The Literary Review, incorporating Quarto, is published monthly from: 44 Lexington Street, London W1F 0LW • Tel: 020 7437 9392 Fax: 020 7734 1844 • ISSN 0144 4360 © All subscription enquiries and changes of address to: Literary Review Subscriptions, The Maltings, West Street, Bourne, Lincolnshire PE10 9PH • Tel: +44 (0) 1778 395 165 All advertising enquiries to: Terry Finnegan, Literary Review, 44 Lexington Street, London W1F 0LW • Tel: 020 7437 9392 Printed in the United Kingdom by: Henry Ling Ltd, at the Dorset Press, Dorchester DT1 1HD • Tel: 01305 251 066 Distributed to newsagents worldwide by: COMAG Specialist, Tavistock Works, Tavistock Rd, West Drayton, Middlesex, UB7 7QX • Tel: 01895 433 800 Distributed to bookshops by: Central Books, 99 Wallis Road, London E9 5LN • Tel: 020 8986 4854 Subscriptions: Editorial: • @lit_review Designed by Cog Design Literary Review is set in Adobe Caslon and Janet. The latter is a digitisation of an engraved typeface designed by the artist and typographer Reynolds Stone, and named after his wife.

pulpit 1 Andrew Roberts biography & diaries 8 Thomas Shippey

Charlemagne Johannes Fried 10 N orman Stone

The Man Who Created the Middle East: A Story of Empire, Conflict & the Sykes–Picot Agreement Christopher Simon Sykes 11 Gavin W eightman

Marconi: The Man Who Networked the World Marc Raboy 12 Ke vin Jackson

Jean Cocteau: A Life Claude Arnaud 14 Ric hard Davenport-Hines

Scenes and Apparitions: Diaries 1988–2003 Roy Strong history 15 Faramerz Dabhoiwala

Sleep in Early Modern England Sasha Handley 17 N orma Clarke

Amatory Pleasures: Explorations in Eighteenth-Century Sexual Culture Julie Peakman 18 Alan Ryan

A Cult ure of Growth Joel Mokyr 20 Cather ine Peters

Mansions of Misery: A Biography of the Marshalsea Debtors’ Prison Jerry White 21 Ric hard Overy

Blitzed: Drugs in Nazi Germany Norman Ohler 22 C hristopher Andrew

The Man with the Poison Gun Serhii Plokhy literary lives 24 Jonathan Keates

The Disa ppearance of Zola: Love, Literature & the Dreyfus Case Michael Rosen 25 Benjamin Iv ry

Flaubert Michel Winock 27 K athryn Hughes

Take Courage: Anne Brontë & the Art of Life Samantha Ellis 28 Just in Beplate

The Letters of Samuel Beckett: Volume IV, 1966–1989 (edd) George Craig, Martha Dow Fehsenfeld, Dan Gunn & Lois More Overbeck 30 Ma ya Jaggi

Birth of a Dream Weaver: A Writer’s Awakening Ngũgĩ Wa Thiong’o’

Literary Review | december 2016 / january 2017 2