contents june 2016 • issue 443 Editor Nancy Sladek Deputy Editor Tom Fleming Editor-at-Large Jeremy Lewis Assistant Editors Frank Brinkley • David Gelber Contributing Editors Jonathan Beckman Michael Burleigh • Sara Wheeler • Philip Womack Editorial Assistant Francesca Carington Advertising Manager Terry Finnegan Classified Advertising David Sturge Marketing Manager Katherine Bogden Bayard Founding Father Auberon Waugh Founding Editor Dr Anne Smith Cover Illustration Chris Riddell

The Literary Review, incorporating Quarto, is published monthly from: 44 Lexington Street, London W1F 0LW • Tel: 020 7437 9392 Fax: 020 7734 1844 • ISSN 0144 4360 © All subscription enquiries and changes of address to: Literary Review Subscriptions, The Maltings, West Street, Bourne, Lincolnshire PE10 9PH • Tel: +44 (0) 1778 395 165 All advertising enquiries to: Terry Finnegan, Literary Review, 44 Lexington Street, London W1F 0LW • Tel: 020 7437 9392 Printed in the United Kingdom by: Henry Ling Ltd, at the Dorset Press, Dorchester DT1 1HD • Tel: 01305 251 066 Distributed to newsagents worldwide by: COMAG Specialist, Tavistock Works, Tavistock Rd, West Drayton, Middlesex, UB7 7QX • Tel: 01895 433 800 Distributed to bookshops by: Central Books, 99 Wallis Road, London E9 5LN • Tel: 020 8986 4854 Subscriptions: Editorial: • @lit_review Designed by Cog Design Literary Review is set in Adobe Caslon and Janet. The latter is a digitisation of an engraved typeface designed by the artist and typographer Reynolds Stone, and named after his wife.

Literary Review | june 2016 2

pulpit 1 Douglas Murray biography 5 Peter Marshall

Martin Luther: Renegade & Prophet Lyndal Roper 7 Tom Stern

The Making of Friedrich Nietzsche: The Quest for Identity, 1844–1869 Daniel Blue 9 Jonathan Romain

Disraeli: The Novel Politician David Cesarani 10 Lucy Moore

Germaine de Staël: A Political Portrait Biancamaria Fontana 11 Rupert Christiansen

Franz Liszt: Musician, Celebrity, Superstar Oliver Hilmes 13 Hugo Vickers

Kick: The True Story of Kick Kennedy Paula Byrne behind closed doors 14 Michael Burleigh

Naked Diplomacy: Power & Statecraft in the Digital Age Tom Fletcher 15 Christopher Andrew

The Black Door: Spies, Secret Intelligence & British Prime Ministers Richard J Aldrich & Rory Cormac 17 Martin Vander Weyer

Shadow State: Inside the Secret Companies that Run Britain Alan White writers 18 Christopher Hart

Love from Boy: Roald Dahl’s Letters to his Mother (ed) Donald Sturrock 19 Benjamin Ivry

Emily Dickinson’s Poems as She Preserved Them (ed) Cristanne Miller 21 Nigel Andrew

Fine Lines: Vladimir Nabokov’s Scientific Art Stephen H Blackwell & Kurt Johnson brazil 22 David Gelber

Brazillionaires Alex Cuadros • Rio de Janeiro: Extreme City Luiz Eduardo Soares 24 Tim Richardson

Roberto Burle Marx: Brazilian Modernist Jens Hoffmann & Claudia J Nahson