contents may 2016 • issue 442 Editor Nancy Sladek Deputy Editor Tom Fleming Editor-at-Large Jeremy Lewis Assistant Editors Frank Brinkley • David Gelber Contributing Editors Jonathan Beckman Michael Burleigh • Sara Wheeler • Philip Womack Editorial Assistant Francesca Carington Advertising Manager Terry Finnegan Classified Advertising David Sturge Marketing Manager Katherine Bogden Bayard Founding Father Auberon Waugh Founding Editor Dr Anne Smith Cover Illustration Chris Riddell

The Literary Review, incorporating Quarto, is published monthly from: 44 Lexington Street, London W1F 0LW • Tel: 020 7437 9392 Fax: 020 7734 1844 • ISSN 0144 4360 © All subscription enquiries and changes of address to: Literary Review Subscriptions, The Maltings, West Street, Bourne, Lincolnshire PE10 9PH • Tel: +44 (0) 1778 395 165 All advertising enquiries to: Terry Finnegan, Literary Review, 44 Lexington Street, London W1F 0LW • Tel: 020 7437 9392 Printed in the United Kingdom by: Henry Ling Ltd, at the Dorset Press, Dorchester DT1 1HD • Tel: 01305 251 066 Distributed to newsagents worldwide by: COMAG Specialist, Tavistock Works, Tavistock Rd, West Drayton, Middlesex, UB7 7QX • Tel: 01895 433 800 Distributed to bookshops by: Central Books, 99 Wallis Road, London E9 5LN • Tel: 020 8986 4854 Subscriptions: Editorial: • @lit_review Designed by Cog Design Literary Review is set in Adobe Caslon and Janet. The latter is a digitisation of an engraved typeface designed by the artist and typographer Reynolds Stone, and named after his wife.

Literary Review | may 2016 4

pulpit 1 Simon Heffer history 8 Leslie Mitchell

Heyday: Britain & the Birth of the Modern World Ben Wilson 9 Adam Zamoyski

The Habsburg Empire: A New History Pieter M Judson 11 Peter Moore

The Savage Shore: Extraordinary Stories of Survival & Tragedy from the Early Voyages of Discovery Graham Seal 12 Mary Kenny

The Seven: The Lives & Legacies of the Founding Fathers of the Irish Republic Ruth Dudley Edwards 13 Norman Stone

Lawrence of Arabia’s War: The Arabs, the British & the Remaking of the Middle East in WWI Neil Faulkner 15 Timothy Brook

The Gunpowder Age: China, Military Innovation, & the Rise of the West in World History Tonio Andrade art 16 Matthew Sturgis

Aubrey Beardsley: A Catalogue Raisonné Linda Gertner Zatlin kings & queens 18 Munro Price

The Life of Louis XVI John Hardman 19 Susan Doran

Elizabeth: The Forgotten Years John Guy 21 Sarah Bradford

Edward VII: The Cosmopolitan King Richard Davenport-Hines pretenders 22 Linda Porter

The Last Royal Rebel: The Life & Death of James, Duke of Monmouth Anna Keay • Charles II: The Star King Clare Jackson 24 Dominic Green

Jacobites: A New History of the ’45 Rebellion Jacqueline Riding