Contents

APRIL 2013

FEATURES

Tudors special

18 Why did Anne Boleyn have to die? Suzannah Lipscomb assesses the theories as to why Henry VIII sent Anne to the scaffold

26 England’s lucky escape Elizabeth I’s realm was very poorly prepared for the Spanish Armada, says Robert Hutchinson

32 When breakfast became the most important meal of the day Ian Mortimer ponders the era when we had beer and bread for breakfast

14 The Lambeth Palace Library mystery James Carley investigates the theft and discovery of a priceless cache of books

42 The Normandy tank disaster? Mark Urban questions the claim that Operation Goodwood was a low point for Britain’s armoured divisions

48 History on trial Katie Engelhart considers recent court cases in which historians have been called as expert witnesses

54 Inside the Roman home Paul Roberts takes us on a guided tour of an average abode in ancient Pompeii or Herculaneum

4

Tu dor SPE CIAL

EVERY MONTH

6 Letters

8 The big picture

10 Milestones: It happened in April

News 12 Breaking news

41 Big days in history by Dominic Sandbrook

47 History on film by Joanna Bourke

53 Changing times by Chris Bowlby

63 Book reviews 10 new history books reviewed

75 TV&Radio What’s on in April

Out&About 78 Where history happened: Norman churches 92 Ten things to do in April 94 Ye olde travel guide: Rio de Janeiro, 1820

Miscellany 101 Q&A: Your historical questions answered 104 Prize crossword and quiz: Win a copy of Hitler’s Philosophers worth £25 106 My history hero by Gregg Wallace

BBC History Events 60

B OOK N OW

Limited tickets

Speaking of the past Come and join BBC History Magazine at our spring events in London and Bristol, including a star-studded Tudors day available

IBRARY

LPALACE

CLARK/LAMBETH

IS/JONTY

IMAGES/CORB

IBRARY/PA

LART

IDGEMAN

IMAGES/BR

AKG

USPS Identification Statement BBC HISTORY (ISSN 1469-8552) (USPS 024-177) April 2013 is published 13 times a year under license from BBC Worldwide by Immediate Media Company Bristol, 9th Floor, Tower House, Fairfax Street, Bristol BS1 3BN, UK. Distributed in the US by Evergreen Marketing, 116 Ram Cat Alley, Suite 201, Seneca, SC 29678-3263. Periodicals postage paid at Seneca, SC and additional mailing offices. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to BBC HISTORY, PO Box 669, Selmer, TN 38375-0669.

BBC History Magazine