22 The Vikings at home Cameron Balbirnie considers the origins of the Vikings and reveals the extent of their travels

31 “In my spare time I win Olympic Golds” Gavin Mortimer profiles 10 notable characters who in their earlier lives had been Olympic competitors

36 Germany’s naked truth George Hull explains how political ideologies influenced German nudism in the 19th and 20th centuries

42 Women of the Wars of the Roses Sarah Gristwood introduces seven women who played a crucial role in the 15th-century civil wars

50 The father of modern geography Jerry Brotton examines the legacy of Ptolemy, an ancient geographer who influenced Columbus

56 D-Day dress rehearsal Tim Benbow tells the story of a bold British invasion of Madagascar that anticipated the Normandy landings


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6 Letters

8 The big picture

10 Milestones: It happened in September

News 12 Breaking news

17 News roundup 18 World news in context: Jersey

29 Big days in history by Dominic Sandbrook

49 Changing times by Chris Bowlby

61 Book reviews 10 new history books reviewed 71 TV&Radio What’s on in September

Out&About 78 Where history happened: The home front 84 Ten things to do in September 86 Ye olde travel guide: Sydney in 1848

Miscellany 93 Q&A: Your historical questions answered 96 Crossword: Win The Treasures of Queen Elizabeth 97 Puzzles

98 My history hero by Vera Lynn

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