JULY 2012


20 Britain’s Civil War: the 15 key moments Micheál Ó Siochrú, John Adamson and Blair Worden give their verdicts

28 England’s medieval Trafalgar Sean McGlynn describes the hugely significant battle of Sandwich

32 The missing Tudors They attended queens at court, so why, asks Onyeka, do we airbrush black Africans out of Tudor England?

34 The watchmakers of Waterford Richard Whatmore tells the story of an unlikely community on the southern Irish coast

42 Bad sports? Alistair Dougall describes how Puritan attempts to ban certain sports split opinion in 17th-century England

50 Medieval tourism Research suggests that a large number of our medieval ancestors caught the travel bug, writes Paul Oldfield


58 Five myths of the Great Escape Guy Walters dispels some popular misconceptions about the famous breakout from Stalag Luft III

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6 Letters

8 The big picture

10 Milestones: It happened in July

News 12 Breaking news 14 Viewpoints: Bomber Command 15 News roundup 16 World news in context: HIV/Aids

39 Big Days in History by Dominic Sandbrook

57 Changing Times by Chris Bowlby

61 Book reviews 11 new history books reviewed 73 Digital roundup Apps, podcasts and more 75 TV&Radio What’s on in July

Out&About 78 Where history happened: Tudor smuggling 84 Ten things to do in July 86 Ye olde travel guide: Edo in 1850

Miscellany 93 Q&A: Your historical questions answered 96 Crossword: Win Winter King by Thomas Penn 97 Puzzles

98 My history hero by James Dyson

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