Contents

SEPTEMBER 2011

FEATURES

22 Why did the Nazis fight to the death? Sir Ian Kershaw explains why Nazi Germany continued to wage war even when defeat was a certainty

30 Hitler in the dock Mark Hayhurst on a remarkable moment in German legal history, when the Nazi leader took the stand

34 Democrats and slaves Paul Cartledge reveals why Athenian democracy relied on forced labour

38 Britain’s buried secrets Gemma Hagen delves into some of the archaeology mysteries due to be featured in Digging for Britain

41 Schoolchildren on strike Clive Bloom tells the story of a mass walk-out by Britain’s pupils in 1911

48 The Persian empire: myths and realities Thomas Harrison contests some popular misconceptions about the ancient Persians

50 Married to a missionary Emily Manktelow looks at how romantic attachments complicated the spreading of Christianity

6

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EVERY MONTH

8 Letters

10 Milestones: It happened in September

News 14 Breaking news 17 News from the journals 18 World news in context: The horn of Africa 33 Big days in history by Dominic Sandbrook 47 Opinion by Dan Snow 59 Changing times by Chris Bowlby 61 Book reviews 11 new history books reviewed 73 TV&Radio What’s on in September

Out&About 78 Where history happened: Abolition of the

British slave trade 82 100 places that made Britain: Derry Corner 84 Ten things to do this month 86 Ye olde travel guide: St Petersburg 1725

Miscellany 93 Q&A: Your historical questions answered 96 Prize crossword: Win History of Britain & Ireland 97 Puzzles

98 My history hero by Amanda Foreman

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USPS Identification Statement BBC HISTORY (ISSN 1469-8552) (USPS 024-177) September 2011 is published 13 times a year by Bristol Magazines Ltd., 9th Floor, Tower House, Fairfax Street, Bristol BS1 3BN, UK. Distributed in the US by Evergreen Marketing, 116 Ram Cat Alley, Suite 201, Seneca, SC 29678-3263. Periodicals postage paid at Seneca, SC and additional mailing offices. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to BBC HISTORY, PO Box 421133, Palm Coast, FL 32142-1133.

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