Contents

NOVEMBER 2010

FEATURES

20 A secret war against the Tudors Desmond Seward explores the conspiracies that threatened to bring down Henry VII and Henry VIII

30 Tricks, treats and cobbled streets Chris and Karen Allen explain how a Yorkshire custom made it into American Halloween celebrations

35 The high street To tie in with a major new BBC series, Juliet Gardiner reveals how shopping has changed over the past century

52 Three films about… John Lennon Mark Glancy wonders if fact has lost out to fiction in biopics of a Liverpool musical great

54 A country at the crossroads Richard Carwardine discusses the momentous 1860 election that sparked the American Civil War

62 The world’s first city What caused ancient people to first live together in urban settlements? Richard Miles investigates

4

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EVERY MONTH

6 Letters

8 Milestones: It happened in November

News 12 Breaking news 15 News from the journals 16 World news in context: Gibraltar

26 Opinion by Michael Hirst

41 Opinion by Dominic Sandbrook

51 Changing times by Chris Bowlby

68 Science story by Patricia Fara

71 Book reviews 11 new history books reviewed

85 TV&Radio What’s on in November

Out&About 88 Where history happened: Witches on trial 94 Ten things to do this month 99 Holiday ideas

Miscellany 101 Q&A: Your historical questions answered 104 Prize crossword: Win one of 5 books worth £20 105 Puzzles

106 My history hero by Robyn Young

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USPS Identification Statement BBC HISTORY (ISSN 1469-8552) (USPS 024-177) November 2010 is published 13 times a year by Bristol Magazines Ltd., 9th Floor, Tower House, Fairfax Street, Bristol BS1 3BN, UK. Distributed in the US by Evergreen Marketing, 116 Ram Cat Alley, Suite 201, Seneca, SC 29678-3263. Periodicals postage paid at Seneca, SC and additional mailing offices. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to BBC HISTORY, PO Box 421133, Palm Coast, FL 32142-1133.

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