CONTRIBUTORS TO THIS ISSUE PAULBARKERis former editor of New Society BOBBISCHOFis executive chairman of the Liverpool-based direct marketing company, McIntyre &King JEREMYCLARKEis a freelance writer ANTHONYDWORKINworks on the BBC’s Analysis programme MARKFRANKLANDis a former foreign correspondent for the Observer TIMOTHYGARTONASHis a fellow of St Antony’s College, Oxford HERBGREERis a writer based in Manchester TEDHUCKAPOKIEis a freelance pseudonym living in London MICHAELJENKINSis vice-chairman of Dresdner Kleinwort Benson JOHNKAYis Peter Moores director at the Said Business School, Oxford SALLYLAIRDis a writer based in Denmark JAMESLEFANUis author of TheRise& Fallof ModernMedicine (Little, Brown) NICHOLASLEMANNis a staff writer for the NewYorker. This article is an edited version of one which first appeared in the AtlanticMonthly CONRADLICHTENSTEINis professor of molecular biology at Queen Mary and Westfield College, University of London ANATOLLIEVENis editor of Strategic Comments at the IISS. The opinions expressed in this article are his own VALERIEMONCHIis deputy editor of Prospect RAYMONKis head of the department of philosophy at the University of Southampton JOHNPODHORETZis editorial-page editor of the NewYorkPost. This article is an edited version of one which appeared in the WeeklyStandard KATHARINEQUARMBYis a producer on the BBC’s Newsnight programme DAVIDRIEFFis completing a book on the ambiguities of humanitarian aid to be published by Simon &Schuster EDWARDSKIDELSKYis a writer based in London DAVIDSMITH is economics editor of the SundayTimes JONATHANSPENCEis professor of history at Yale University DOUGLASSTEELEis a night club manager in Russia PETERWAYNEis at the end of his prison sentence

2 PROSPECTJuly1999


Issue forty-three July 1999

OPINIONS 10 Next time, send in the Gurkhas ANATOLLIEVEN The low tolerance of casualties among western publics means that we may have to rely on mercenaries. 12 How manyHolocaust museums? VALERIE MONCHI Non-religious Jews cannot depend on the Holocaust. 13 Does the City need the euro? MICHAELJENKINS The City of London is foreign-owned and could easily slip away. 14 Leaving prison PETERWAYNE How long can Prospect's prisoner survive outside prison?


Ten years in Europe TIMOTHYGARTONASH What if western Europe’s leaders had devoted half the time they spent on Emu to the crisis in the Balkans in 1991? Might they have averted war in Europe? 28 The fall of medicine JAMES LE FANU Despite medicine’s huge success over the past 50 years, why are doctors disillusioned and the public neurotic about their health? 36 Imperialism or barbarism DAVIDRIEFF In the wake of Kosovo, the west must bewilling to match its military action with its moral ambitions. If this requires liberal imperialism, so be it.

ESSAY Edward Skidelsky on the feebleness of English atheism

Freeasabird. 16 China’s year of the anniversary JONATHAN SPENCE Tiananmen is not the only “tricky”anniversary for China’s leaders this year.

DEBATE 18 Is Germany now the sick man of Europe? DAVIDSMITHANDBOBBISCHOF Is the “Anglo-Saxon”model the answer to Germany’s problems?

In England, a tepid faith was easily refuted by 19th-century materialism. But real faith is a passion that cannot be refuted by science. PAGE32