contents february 2016 • issue 439

Editor Nancy Sladek Deputy Editor Tom Fleming Editor-at-Large Jeremy Lewis Assistant Editors Frank Brinkley • David Gelber Contributing Editors Jonathan Beckman Michael Burleigh • Sara Wheeler • Philip Womack Editorial Assistant Francesca Carington Advertising Manager Terry Finnegan Classified Advertising David Sturge Marketing Manager Katherine Bogden Bayard Founding Father Auberon Waugh Founding Editor Dr Anne Smith Cover Illustration Chris Riddell

The Literary Review, incorporating Quarto, is published monthly from: 44 Lexington Street, London W1F 0LW • Tel: 020 7437 9392 Fax: 020 7734 1844 • ISSN 0144 4360 © All subscription enquiries and changes of address to: Literary Review Subscriptions, The Maltings, West Street, Bourne, Lincolnshire PE10 9PH • Tel: +44 (0) 1778 395 165 All advertising enquiries to: Terry Finnegan, Literary Review, 44 Lexington Street, London W1F 0LW • Tel: 020 7437 9392 Printed in the United Kingdom by: Henry Ling Ltd, at the Dorset Press, Dorchester DT1 1HD • Tel: 01305 251 066 Distributed to newsagents worldwide by: COMAG Specialist, Tavistock Works, Tavistock Rd, West Drayton, Middlesex, UB7 7QX • Tel: 01895 433 800 Distributed to bookshops by: Central Books, 99 Wallis Road, London E9 5LN • Tel: 020 8986 4854 Subscriptions: Editorial: • @lit_review Designed by Cog Design Literary Review is set in Adobe Caslon and Janet. The latter is a digitisation of an engraved typeface designed by the artist and typographer Reynolds Stone, and named after his wife.

Literary Review | february 2016 4

pulpit 2 Vybarr Cregan-Reid history 8 John Adamson

The Holy Roman Empire: A Thousand Years of Europe’s History Peter H Wilson 10 Norman Stone

Hitler at Home Despina Stratigakos 11 Donald Sassoon

Empire of Things: How We Became a World of Consumers, from the Fifteenth Century to the Twenty-first Frank Trentmann 12 Charles King

The Ottoman Endgame: War, Revolution & the Making of the Modern Middle East, 1908–1923 Sean McMeekin 14 Keith Lowe

Coventry: Thursday, 14 November 1940 Frederick Taylor 15 Andrew Roberts

Churchill and Ireland Paul Bew 16 Caroline Moorehead

The Bitter Taste of Victory: In the Ruins of the Reich Lara Feigel hot topics 17 Michael Burleigh

The Elements of Power: Gadgets, Guns, & the Struggle for a Sustainable Future in the Rare Metal Age David S Abraham 19 Harriet Sergeant

This Is London: Life & Death in the World City Ben Judah 20 Martin Vander Weyer

No Such Thing as a Free Gift: The Gates Foundation & the Price of Philanthropy Linsey McGoey 21 Robert Colls

Social Class in the 21st Century Mike Savage uneasy lies the head 23 Douglas Smith

The Romanovs: 1613–1918 Simon Sebag Montefiore 24 Paul Lay

Richard III: A Ruler & His Reputation David Horspool 25 Tim Stanley

The American President: From Teddy Roosevelt to Bill Clinton William E Leuchtenburg